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Planes and Regions

TermDefinition
Anatomical Body is standing erect, facing forward, with the arms at the sides, and the palms facing forward.
Anterior/Ventral Means the front side of the body
Posterior/Dorsal Means the back side of the body
Inferior Below another structure. (Ex. the vagina is inferior to or below the uterus)
Superior Means above another structure. (Ex. the stomach is superior to the large intestine)
Lateral Means to the side. (Ex. the eyes are lateral to the nose)
Medial Means middle or near the medial plane of the body. (Ex. the nose is medial to the eyes)
Superficial Means on or near the surface, as with a scratch on the skin.
Proximal Means near the point of attachment to the truck. (Ex. the proximal end of the thighbone joins the hipbone)
Distal Means away from the point of attachment to the truck. (Ex. the distal end of the thighbone joins the knee bone)
Supine Means lying on one's spine facing upward
Prone Means lying on one's stomach facing downward
Sagittal Plane Divides the body into two parts, right and left. If the plane divides the body into equal right and left parts, it is called "midsagittal plane"
Frontal or Coronal Plane Divides the body into anterior and posterior sections.
Transverse Plane Divides the body horizontally into a top, or superior, part, and a bottom, or inferior, part.
Created by: ebonyt