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Abbreviations

Chapter 11, pages 432-433

AbbreviationTerminology/Meaning
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ACE (inhibitor) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
ACLS advanced cardiac life support; CPR plus drugs and defibrillation
ACS acute coronary syndrome
AED automatic external defibrillator
AF,a-fib atrial fibrillation
AICD automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
AMI acute myocardial infarction
ARVD arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
AS aortic stenosis
ASD atrial septal defect
AV, A-V atrioventriclar
AVR aortic valve replacement
BBB bundle branch block
BNP brain natriuretic peptide; elevated in congestive heart failure
BP blood pressure
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
CAD coronary artery disease
CCU coronary care unit
Cath catheterization
CHF congestive heart failure
CK creatine kinase; released into the bloodstream after injury to heart or skeletal muscles
CoA coarctation of the aorta
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRT cardiac resynchronization therapy; biventricular pacing
CTNI or cTaI; CTNT or cTaT cardiac troponin-I and cardiac troponin-T; troponin is a protein released into the bloodstream after myocardial injury
DES drug-eluting stent
DSA digital subtraction angiography
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECG also seen as EKG electrocardiography
ECHO echocardiography
EF ejection fraction; measure of the amount of blood that pumps out of the heart with each beat
EPS electrophysiology study; electrode catheters are inserted into veins and threaded into the heart and electrical conduction is measured (tachycardias are provoked and analyzed)
ETT exercise tolerance test
ETT-MIBI exercise tolerance test combined with a radioactive tracer (sestamibi) scan
EVAR endovascular aneurysm repair
HDL high-density lipoprotein; high blood levels are associated with lower incidence of coronary artery disease
HTN hypertension (high blood pressure)
IABP intra-aortic balloon pump; used to support patients in cardiogenic shock
ICD implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
LAD left anterior descending (coronary artery)
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LMWH low-molecular-weight heparin
LV left ventricle
LVAD left ventricular assist device
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MI myocardial infarction
MUGA multiple-gated acquisition scan; a radioactive test of heart function
MVP mitral valve prolapse
NSR normal sinus rhythm
NSTEMI non–ST elevation myocardial infarction
PAC premature atrial contraction
PAD peripheral arterial disease
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PDA patent ductus arteriosus; posterior descending artery
PE pulmonary embolus
PVC premature ventricular contraction
SA, S-A node sinoatrial node
SCD sudden cardiac death
SOB shortness of breath
SPECT single photon emission computed tomography; used for myocardial imaging with sestamibi scans
STEMI ST elevation myocardial infarction
SVT supraventricular tachycardia; rapid heartbeats arising from the atria and causing palpitations, SOB, and dizziness
TAVR transcatheter aortic valve replacement
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
TEVAR thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair
TGA transposition of the great arteries
tPA tissue-type plasminogen activator; a drug used to prevent thrombosis
UA unstable angina; chest pain at rest or of increasing frequency
VF ventricular fibrillation
VSD ventricular septal defect
VT ventricular tachycardia
WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome; an abnormal ECG pattern often associated with paroxysmal tachycardia
ADP adenosine diphosphate; ADP blockers are used to prevent cardiovascular-related death, heart attack, and strokes and after all stent procedures.
Created by: MissMeeMee