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Chapter 10

Meaning Terminology
cerebell/o cerebellum cerebellar-of, relating to, or affecting the cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum cerebral cortex-Cortical means pertaining to the cortex or outer area of an organ.
dur/o dura mater subdural hematoma-Remember: Hematomas are not tumors of blood, but are collections of blood.
encephal/o brain encephalitis encephalopathy anencephaly-This is a congenital brain malformation; it is not compatible with life and may be detected with amniocentesis or ultrasonography of the fetus.
gli/o glial cells glioblastoma-This is a highly malignant tumor (-blast means immature). Gliomas are tumors of glial (neuroglial) cells.
lept/o thin, slender leptomeningeal-The pia and arachnoid membranes are known as the leptomeninges because of their thin. delicat structure.
mening/o membranes, meninges meningeal meningioma-slowly growing, benign tumor.
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord (means bone marrow in other contexts) myelopathy-Myelopathy is an injury to the spinal cord due to severe compression that may result from trauma, congenital stenosis, degenerative disease or disc herniation.
neur/o nerve neuropathy-disease or dysfunction of one or more peripheral nerves, typically causing numbness or weakness.
pont/o pons cerebellopontine-The suffix means pertaining to.
radicul/o nerve root (of spinal nerves) radiculopathy-Sciatica is a radiculopathy affecting the sciatic nerve root in the back. A herniated disk is a common cause leading to pain, weakness, or numbness down the leg. radiculitis- pain and loss of function.
thalam/o thalamus-Main relay center of the brain. It conducts impulses between the spinal cord and the cerebrum; incoming sensory messages are relayed through the thalamus to appropriate centers in the cerebrum. thalamic-
thec/o sheath (refers to the meninges) intrathecal injection-Chemicals, such as chemotherapeutic drugs, can be delivered into the subarachnoid space.
vag/o vagus nerve (10th cranial nerve) vagal-This cranial nerve has branches to the head and neck, as well as to the chest.
Created by: MissMeeMee