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Drug Classes

Definition

QuestionAnswer
Anticonvulsants Reduce seizures by reducing the excitability of the brains neurons.
Antidiabetics These drugs do not cure diabetes but treat the disease and symptoms in various ways.
Antidiabetics Insulin-Replaces insulin not created by the pancreas
Antidiabetics Biguanides-Decreases the absorption of glucose and glucose output from the liver.
Antidiabetics Sulfonylureas-Increase insulin released by the pancreas
Antidiabetics Thiazolidinediones-Lowers blood glucose by increasing insulin sensitivity.
Antiemetics These drugs block receptors in the chemo trigger zone, thus reducing emesis.
Antiemetics Dopamine Antagonists-centrally act on bloking dopamine receptors.
Antiemetics Serotonin Antagonists-act on blocking serotonin receptors.
Agents for Gout These drugs work on treating different aspects of the disorder.
Antihyperlipidemics These drugs are used to lower cholesterol and triglycerides
Antihyperlipidemics These drugs prevent the reabsorption of bile back into the body thus leading to lower LDL and total cholesterol
Anti hyperlipidemics Fibric Acid Derivatives-These drugs lower triglycerides and elevate HDL
Antihyperlipidemics HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (statins)-these drugs prevent cholesterol from being synthesized.
Antihyperlipidemics Miscellaneous Agents-reduces cholesterol.
Antihypertensives These drugs are used to lower blood pressure through various mechanisms of action.
Antihypertensives Alpha Blockers-relaxes veins and arteries so that blood can more easily pass through them
Antihypertensives Diuretics-Decrease blood pressure by decreasing blood volume. Note: there are several types of diuretics.
Antihypertensives Thiazides-increase the excretion of sodium and chloride
Antihypertensives Loop-Generate a larger elimination response than that of the thiazides.
Antihypertensives Both the Thiazide and Loop diuretics may require potassium supplements due to the loss of potassium associated with them.
Antihypertensives Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (Ace Inhibitors)relax the blood vessels and increases excretion of sodium and water.
Antihypertensives Calcium Channel Blockers-Block the movement of calcium ions into cell membranes and cause vasodilation.
Antihypertensives Centrally Acting Alpha Adrenergic Blockers-used in patients with moderate to severe hypertension
Anti-infectives These drugs can either kill an infectious agent or inhibit it from spreading.
Anti-infectives Penicillins-Eliminate infection causing bacteria. They are bactericidal (to kill)
Anti-infectives Cephaloloporins-eliminate infection causing bacteria (bactericidal). This group is divided into generations based on their improved activity.
Anti-infectives Monobactams-used to treat severe infections
Anti-infectives Aminoglycosides-these are bactericidal and effective against both gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms.
Anti-infectives Tetracyclines-this group is mainly bacteriostatic, but in high concentration can be bactericidal (to kill). They are also effective against both gram-negative and gram-positive microorganisms
Anti-infectives Quinolones/Fluoroquinolones-these are primarily used to treat UTI's
Anti-infectives Glycopeptide-used to treat intestinal infections that cause colitis.
Anti-infectives Macrolides-these drugs are effective against a wide range of microorganisms and are primarily bacteriostatic (retarding bacteria growth).
Anti-infectives Sulfonamides-kill bacteria by interfering with bacterial synthesis.
Anti-infectives Antituberculosis Agents-these drugs are effective in treatment of Tuberculosis.
Anti-infectives Many patients allergic to penicillins have a 10% cross-sensitivity or possibility they will also be allergic to cephalosporins.
Anti-fungals This group of drugs is used to treat the more complex cell structure associated with fungal infections.
Anti-fungals -AZOLES-this group of antifungals is used to treat various fungal/yeast infections.
Anti-Parkinsons Disease These drugs are designed to increase dopamine levels.
Anti-Virals Many of these drugs work by inhibiting a step in the viral replication process. Used to treat cold sores (Herpes Simplex), Shingles & Chicken Pox (Herpes Zoster, Hepatitis, HIV and other viral infections.
Created by: tammygrace