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9GastroenterologyBK

Chapter 9 Gastroenterology p3 back

TermDefinition
Medical Terminology Matching Exercise Medical Terminology Matching Exercise
1. stones in thegallbladder cholelithiasis
2. _ twisting of segment volvulus
3._ word root meaninganus and rectum procto–
4._ . varicose veins anal area hemorrhoid
5._inflammation of ileum causing diarrhea and fever Crohn disease
6._ loss of appetite anorexia
7. inflammation of liver caused by a virus hepatitis
8._ jaundice icterus
9._ word root meaning stomach gastro
10._ difficulty swallowing dysphagia
11. _fluid in the abdomen ascites
12._ pouch in intestinalwall that can becomeinflamed diverticulum
13. lack of peristalsis dueto intestinalobstruction paralytic ileus
14. occurring aftereating postprandial
15. severe constipation obstipation
16. suffix for hernia –cele
17. degeneration of liver cells usually caused by alcoholism. cirrhosis
18. growth in colon often on a stalk polyp
19. bright red blood in stool hematochezia
20. word root for smallintestineword entero
21. root for common bile duct choledocho
22. word root for abdomen laparo–
Abbreviations Exercise Abbreviations Exercise
BE barium enema ba.ri.um en.e.ma
CEA Carcinoembryonic antigen Car.cino.em.bry.on.ic anti.gen
EGD Esophagogastroduodenoscopy E.so.pha.go.gas.tro.duo.deno.scopy
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease Gas.tro.eso.phag.eal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal gas.tro.in.test.in.al
IBS Irritable bowel syndrome Ir.rit.able bo.wel syn.drome
LES lower esophageal sphincter lo.wer eso.phag.e.al sphinc·ter
LFTs Liver function tests
LLQ Left lower quadrant Left low.er quad.rant
NG (tube) nasogastric tube na.so.gas.tric tube
n.p.o. nothing by mouth
p.o. by mouth
RLQ right low.er quad.rant
RUQ right up.per quad.rant
UGI series upper gastrointestinal series up.per gas.tro.in.test.in.al series
Word Root and Suffix–Matching Exercises Word Root and Suffix–Matching Exercises
A. inflammation of the stomach and intestines gastroenteritis
B. surgical removal of the gallbladder cholecystectomy
C. using a scope to visualize the colon colonoscopy
D. a surgical incision into the abdomen laparotomy
E. using a scope to visualize the stomach gastroscopy
F. a new opening for the colon colostomy
G. a surgical incision into the stomach gastrotomy
H. inflammation of the appendix Appendicitis
I. a study of the stomach and intestines gastroenterology
J. surgical removal of the appendix appendectomy
Created by: jade4l