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Digestive Disorders

All the disorders of the digestive system

QuestionAnswer
Caries Permanently damaged teeth that develop into tiny holes Toothache, Infection, and tooth loss. treatment fluoride, fillings, and crowns. Severe cases may need a root canal or removal.
GERD Occurs when the lower sphincter doesn't close all the way making its way up the esophagus. Sx- of this include burning pain in the chest after eating and gets worse lying down. TX- change in diet and lifestyle, weight loss and anti acid tablets
Cleft Palate Roof of mouth that splits. Sx include- speech disorder and difficulty feeding/ eating. Tx include- Surgery, dental implant, specialist such as speech therapist.
Peptic Ulcer A sore that develops on the lining of the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine result in where the mucus membrane causes stress. Sx- pain in the chest or upper abdoman, indigestion, nausea, passing excessive amounts of gas, or vomiting Tx- medication
Gastroenteritis The lining of the small intestine & stomach inflamed due to virus. Sx- Diarrhea, stomach cramps, gagging, chill, dehydration, fever, lightheadedness, loss of appetite, headache, Weakness, weight loss. Tx- IV , rest, washing hands, rehydrating
Cirrhosis Chronic liver damage from a variety of causes leading to scarring and liver failure, Sx- Swelling, bruising easily, bleeding easily, weight loss, Confusion, drowsiness, and slurred speech. Tx - low sodium diet, avoid alcohol, liver transplant, meds
Cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder. Sx- pain in stomach, shoulder, chills, fever, sweating, yellow skin and eyes, bloating, nausea, vomiting. Tx- Hospital stay and surgical removal
Constipation infrequent bowel movements or difficult passage of stools that persists for more than 3 days. Sx straining to have bowel movements, having lumpy or hard stools. Tx- foods high in fiber, non-stimulant laxatives, stimulant laxatives, enemas
Diarrhea Feces is moved too fast and and stool has too much water to absorb. Sx include- Loose, watery stools Abdominal cramps, Abdominal pain, Fever, Blood in the stool Bloating,Nausea, Urgent need to have a bowel movement Tx- over the counter medications
Irritable Bowel Syndrome A irritated bowel condition often associated with stress, depression, anxiety, or previous intestinal infection. Sx- stomach pain, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. Tx- managing diet, lifestyle, and stress. Others will need medication and counseling.
Anorexia a false body image, with an unnecessary fear of being overweight. Sx- extreme weight loss, Insomnia, dizziness and fainting, Low BP, feeling cold all the time, Dehydration, bluish color to hand and fingers. Tx- therapist, and medical help
Acute Hepatitis Short term infection. symptoms- tiredness or weakness, fever, pain under ribs on the RIGHT side, yellowing of skin and eyes. Treatment- Bed rest, DON'T drink alcohol take meds for symptoms,
Chronic Hepatitis inflammation of the liver that lasts at least 6 months. Sx- yellowing of the eyes, abdominal pain, and dark urine. Tx- need meds and chronic cases liver transplant
Hepatitis A A highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus. Sx- fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and low-grade fever. Tx- Rest and adequate hydration, clears up on its own
Hepatitis B A serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus that's easily preventable by a vaccine. Sx- yellowing of the eyes, abdominal pain, and dark urine. Some people, particularly children, don't experience any symptoms. Tx- clears up on its own
Hepatitis C An infection caused by a virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation. Sx- fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, and yellowing of the eyes and skin. Tx- antiviral medications. In some people, newer medicines can eradicate the virus.
Hepatitis D A serious liver disease caused by infection with the hepatitis D virus. Sx- abdominal pain, nausea, and fatigue. Tx- there are unknown treatments
Hepatitis E A liver disease caused by the hepatitis E virus. Sx- jaundice, lack of appetite, and nausea. In rare cases, it may progress to acute liver failure. Tx- usually resolves on its own within four to six weeks, supportive care, rehydration, and rest.
Created by: 21cmason