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|adrenal gland adrenalectomy
|sex glands (ovaries and testes) Here, tropin means to act on. Gonadotropins act on (stimulate) gonads. Examples of gonadotropins are FSH, secreted by the pituitary gland.
|parathyroid gland parathyroidectomy
|pituitary gland; hypophysis hypopituitarism
|thyroid gland thyrotropic hormone Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is a thyrotropic hormone secreted by the pituitary gland. Thyroiditis- May result from bacterial or viral infection, or and autoimmune reaction.
|male androgen: Androgens are produced by the tests in males and by the adrenal cortex in males and females.
|cortex, outer region corticosteroid
|thirst polydipsia: Poly- means many or increased. Uncontrolled diabetes (mellitus or insipidus) causes increased thirst.
|sugar glucagon-In this term, -agon means to assemble or gather together. Glucagon raises blood sugar by stimulating its release from glycogen into the bloodstream.
|sameness homeostasis The suffix -stasis means to control
|potassium hypokalemia-This condition can occur in dehydration and with excessive vomiting and diarrhea. The heart is particularly sensitive to potassium loss.
|milk prolactin The suffix -in means a substance.
|mucus myxedema-Mucus-like material accumulates under the skin
|sodium hyponatremia_Occurs with hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex as salts and water leave the body.
|growing hypophysectomy The hypophysis is the pituitary gland, which is so named because it grows from the undersurface (hypo-) of the brain.
|body somatotropin Growth hormone.
|solid structure steroid: This complex, solid, ring-shaped molecule resembles a sterol (such as cholesterol); many hormones (androgens, estrogens, glucocorticoids. and mineralocorticoids) are steroids.
|childbirth oxytocin: Oxy- means rapid
|poison thyrotoxicosis: Condition caused by excessive thyroid gland activity and over secretion of thyroid hormone. Signs and symptoms are sweating, weight loss, tachycardia, and nervousness.
|urine antidiuretic hormone: Posterior pituitary hormone that affects the kidneys and reduces water.