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Disease Processes

Chapter 15&16

TermDefinition
Abruptio Placentae premature separation of placenta from the uterine wall
BPH Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy about 90% of men over 70 have some degree of BPH
Breast Cancer lumpectomy or mastectomy
Cervical Cancer human papilloma virus (HPV)
Ovarian Cancer asymptomatic
Uterine Cancer vaginal bleeding after menopause
Prostate Cancer prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
Testicular Cancer found in young males
Candidiasis fungal microorganism candida albicans
Cryptorchidism absence of one or both testicles in the scrotum
Ectopi Pregnancy implant somewhere other than uterine wall, often in uterine tubes
Endometriosis endometrial tissue grows in places other than the lining of the uterus
Erectile Dysfunction inability to develop or maintain an erection
Fibrocystic Disease lumps in the breast, tenderness of breast, cysts
Genital Herpes caused by herpes simplex virus
Genital Warts small flesh-colored pink growth in genital area
Gonorrhea casused by the bacterium Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
Hypospadias urethra is on the underside of penis
Ovarian Cysts cysts develop from follicles that develop each month
Placenta Previa placenta is partially or wholly over the cervix
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome infertility, facial hair (PCOS)
Preeclampsia/ Eclampsia increase blood pressure, spill protein in urine
Syphilis caused by spirochete treponema pallidum
Trichomoniasis caused by protozoan parasite trichomonas vaginalis
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) most common infecting agent is E coli, also most common in women because of difference in the urethra
Urethritis inflammation of the urethra
Renal Calculi kidney stones
Pyelonephritis UTI progresses to involve upper urinary system
Polycystic Kidney Disease inherited disorder , clusters of cysts develop within the kidneys
Peyronie Disease repeated injury to the penis
Neurogenic Bladder lack bladder control because of a brain, spinal cord, or nerve injury
Nephrotic Syndrom kidneys excrete to much protein in urine
Interstitial Cystitis persistent urge to urinate frequently
Hydronophrosis urine collecting system of kidneys is dilated
Glomerulonephritis inflammation of the glomeruli in the kidneys
Cystitis inflammation of the bladder
Chronic Renal Failure diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and glomerulonephritis
Acute Renal Failure unable to filter waste products from the blood
Urinary Incontinence inability to control urination and to retain urine in the bladder
Uremia toxic level of urea in the blood
Nephroptosis floating kidney
Hangover excessive urination , dehydration caused by diuresis contributes to this
Created by: ShawnaGreen