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Medical Terminology

Week 1 Fall Semester Test

TermDefinition
centesis surgical puncture
clasis to break, surgical fracture
desis binding, fixation
ectomy excision, removal
lysis separation, destruction, loosening
pexy fixation ( of an organ )
rrhaphy suture
stomy forming an opening ( mouth)
tome instrument to cut
tomy incision
tripsy crushing
gram record, writing
graph instrument to record
graphy process of recording
scope instrument for examining
algia and dynia pain
cele hernia or swelling
ectasis dilation or expansion
cmesis vomiting
emia blood condition
gen and genesis forming, producing, origin
itis inflammation of
malacia softening
megaly enlargement
oma tumor
osis abnormal condition, increase
pathy disease
penia decrease, deficiency
phobia fear
plegia paralysis
ptosis prolapse, downward displacement
rrhea discharge, flow
rrhexis rupture
sclerosis abnormal condition of hardening
spasm involuntary contraction , twitching
stenosis narrowing, stricture
toxic poison
quaddri 4
dipl and diplo double
hemi half
micro small
macro large
multi and poly many, much
ab from, away from
ad toward
circum and peri around
dia and trans through or across
ecto, exo, extra outside, outward
a, an without
anti, contra against
ultra excess, beyound
super upper, above
supra above, excessive; superior
auto self, own
brady slow
tachy rapid
dys bad, painful, difficult
eu good
hetero different
homo, homeo same
endo , intra in or within
epi above or upon
hypo under, below, deficient
hyper excessive, above normal
infra and sub under, below,
inter between
retro backwards, behind
bi 2
tri 3
mono and uni 1
Created by: jshamlin