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Abbreviations

Page 524-525

QuestionAnswer
Ab antibody
ABMT autologous bone marrow transplantation-patient serves as his or her own donor for stem cells
ABO four main blood types-A, B, AB, and O
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML acute myelogenous leukemia
ANC absolute neutrophil count-total WBC times a measure of the number of bands and segs present in the blood; an ANC less than 1500 cells/uL is neutropenia
ASCT autologous stem cell transplantation
bands immature white blood cells (granulocytes)
base basophils
BMT bone marrow transplantation
CBC complete blood count
CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML chronic myelogenous leukemia
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation-bleeding disorder marked by reduction in blood clotting factors due to their use and depletion for intravascular clotting
diff differential count white blood cells)
EBV Epstein-Barr virus; cause of mononucleosis
eos eosinophils
EPO erythropoietin
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Fe iron
G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-promotes neutrophil production
GM-CSF granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-promotes myeloid progenitor cells with differentiation to granulocytes
g/dL gram per deciliter (1 deciliter=one tenth of a liter; 1 liter =1.057 quarts)
GVHD graft-versus-host disease-immune reaction of donor's cells to recipient's tissue
HCL hairy cell leukemia-abnormal lymphocytes accumulate in bone marrow, leading to anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and infection
Hgh, HGB hemoglobin
H and H hemoglobin and hematocrit
HLA human leukocyte antigen
IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM immunoglobulins
lymphs lymphocytes
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration-average concentration of hemoglobin in a single red cell; when MCHC is low, the cell is hypochromic
MCV mean corpuscular volume-average volume or size of a single red blood cell; when MCV is high, the cells are macrocytic, and when low, the cells are microcytic
MDS myelodysplastic syndrome-preleukemic condition (anemia, cytopenias, and possible transformation to AML)
mm3 cubic millimeter -one millionth of a liter; 1 liter = 1.057 quarts
mono monocyte
polys, PMNs, PMNLs polymorphonuclear leukocytes; neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
PT, pro time prothrombin time
PTT partial thromboplastin time
RBC red blood cell; ed blood cell count
sed rate erythrocyte sedimentation rate
segs segmented, mature white blood cells (neutrophils)
SMAC Sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer-an automated chemistry system that determines substances in serum
uL microliter-one millionth of a liter; 1 liter = 1.057 quarts
WBC white blood cell; white blood cell count
WNL within normal limits
Created by: MissMeeMee
 

 



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