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Chapter 13

Blood System Terminology

SuffixMeaning/Terminology
-apheresis removal, a carrying away A centrifuge spins blood to remove plasma from the other parts of blood.
-blast immature cell, embryonic monoblast-An immature cell that develops into a monocyte. Monocyte- A large, circulating, phagocytic white blood cell, having a single well-defined nucleus and very fine granulation in the cytoplasm.
-cytosis abnormal condition of cells (increase in cells) microcytosis- macrocytes are erythrocytes that are larger (macr-) than normal.
-emia blood condition (leukemia)Increase in cancerous white blood cells (leukocytes).
-gen giving rise to; producing (fibrinogen) fibrin is a protein that forms the basis of a blood clot.
-globin protein Hemoglobin enables the erythrocyte to carry oxygen. The combination of oxygen and hemoglobin (oxyhemoglobin) produces the bright red color of blood.
-globulin protein (major plasma protein) Globulins are another component of blood and one of the plasma proteins. There are alpha, beta, and gamma globulins.
-lytic pertaining to destruction thrombolytic therapy, Used to dissolve clots.
-oid derived or originating from myeloid
-osis abnormal condition thrombosis
-penia deficiency granulocytopenia
-phage eat, swallow Macrophage-macrophages, they move from the bloodstream into tissues and dispose of dead and dying cells and other tissue debris by phagocytosis.
-philia attraction for (an increase in cell numbers) Eosinophilia is an increase in eosinophilic granulocytes, seen in certain allergic conditions, such as asthma, or in parasitic infections (tapeworm, pinworm).
-phoresis carrying, transmission electrophoresis-Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge.
-poiesis formation
-stasis stop. control hemostasis-Blood flow is stopped naturally by clotting or artificially by compression or suturing of a wound.
Created by: MissMeeMee