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Chapter 13

Blood System

Combining FormMeaning
bas/o base (alkaline, the opposite of acid)
chrom/o color (hypochromic)
coagul/o clotting (anticoagulant)
cyt/o cell (cytology)
eosin/o red, dawn, rossy (eosinophil)
erythr/o red (erythroblast)
granul/o granules (grancyte)
hem/o blood (hemolysis)
hemat/o blood (hematocrit)
hemoglobin/o hemoglobin (hemoglobinopathy)
is/o same, equal (anisocytosis)
kary/o nucleus (megakaryocyte) Platelets, actually blood cell fragments, are formed in bone marrow from giant cells with multilobed nuclei called megakaryocytes
leuk/o white (leukopenia)
mon/o one, single (monocyte)
morph/o shape, form (morphology)
myel/o bone marrow (myeloblast)
neutr/o neutral (neither base nor acid) neutropenia (this term refers to neutrophils)
nucle/o nucleus (polymorphonuclear)
phag/o eat swallow (phagocyte) Neutrophils are phagocytes (phag/o means to eat or swallow) that accumulate at sites of infection, where they ingest and destroy bacteria.
poikil/o varied, irregular (poikilocytosis) irregularity in the shape of red blood cells . Poikilocytosis occurs n certain types of anemia.
sider/o iron (sideropenia)
spher/o globe, round (spherocytosis) In this condition, the erythrocyte has a round shape, making the cell fragile and easily able to be destroyed.
thrombo/o clot (thrombocytopenia)
Created by: MissMeeMee