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ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

CHAPTER 14

QuestionAnswer
CONTAINS THE ISLETS OF LANGERHANS PANCREAS
SECRETES CORTISOL, ADOSTERONE, AND TESTOSTERONE ADRENAL CORTEX
SECRETES IODINE-CONTAINING HORMONES THYROID GLAND
SECTETES RELEASING HORMONES HYPOTHALAMUS
SECTETES ACTH, TSH, PROLACTIN, GROWTH HORMONE, AND THE GONADOTROPINS ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
PART OF THE FIGHT-OR-FLIGHT SYSTEM; SECRETES CATECHOLAMINES ADRENAL MEDULLA
THE NEUROHYPOPHYSIS; SECTETES ADH AND OXYTOCIN POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
STIMULATES OSTEOCLASTIC ACTIVITY TO INCREASE BLOOD CALCIUM PARATHYROID HORMONE
REGULATES METABOLIC RATE T3 AND T4
THE ONLY HORMONE THAT LOWERS BLOOD GLUCOSE INSULIN
STIMULATES THE BREAST TO PRODUCE MILK; ALSO CALLED LACTOGENIC HORMONE PROLACTIN
THE HORMONAL COMPONENT OF THE FIGHT-OR-FLIGHT RESPONSE EPINEPHRINE
THE NEUROHYPOPHYSEAL HORMONE THAT CONTROLS WATER BALANCE ADH
STIMULATES THE ADRENAL CORTEX TO SECTETE STEROIDS ACTH
ALSO CALLED SOMATOTROPIC HORMONE GROWTH HORMONE
THE MINERALOCORTICOID THAT IS CALLED THE SALT-RETAINING HORMONE ADOSTERONE
SECRETES RELEASING HORMONES INTO THE PORTAL CAPILLARIES, COMPOSED OF NERVOUS TISSUE, AND SYNTHESIZES ADH AND OXYTOCIN HYPOTHALAMUS
ACTH, TSH, AND GONADOTROPINS ARE SECRETED BY THE...... ADENOHYPOPHYSIS
SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX IN RESPONSE TO ACTH.... CORTISOL
WHAT DOES THE ADRENAL MEDULLA SECRETE? CATECHOLAMINES
THIS IS A MINERALOCORTICOID SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX ALODSTERONE
THIS SECRETES BOTH INSULIN AND GLUCAGON PANCREAS
WHAT DOES INSULIN DO? LOWERS BLOOD GLUCOSE
AS PLASMA LEVELS OF CALCIUM DECREASE, WHAT HAPPENS TO PTH? IT'S SECRETED
THIS IS A CONSEQUENCE OF A DEFICIENCY OF PTH HYPOCALCEMIC TETANY
THIS LOWERS PLASMA CALCIUM CALCITONIN
SUPPRESSES THE SECRETION OF ACTH, ELEVATED.... PLASMA CORTISOL
WHAT DOES GROWTH HORMONE, CORTISOL, AND EPINEPHRINE DO TO BLOOD GLUCOSE? RAISES IT
ALSO CALLED LACTOGENIC HORMONE, SECRETED BY THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND, AND STIMULATES THE MAMMARY GLAND TO MAKE MILK PROLACTIN
THESE ARE SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL MEDULLA, ARE CATECHOLAMINES, AND PARTICIPATE IN THE FIGHT-OR FLIGHT RESPONSE EPINEPHRINE AND NOREPINEPHRINE
CONCERNED WITH "SUGAR, SALT, AND SEX" CORTISOL, ALDOSTERONE, AND TESTOSTERONE
A DEFICIENCY OF DIETARY IODINE IMPAIRS THE SYNTHESIS OF WHAT? (T'S) T3 AND T4
LOWERS BLOOD SUGAR, SYNTHESIS OF PROTEIN, AND FATTY ACID SYNTHESIS INSULIN
WHAT KIND OF HORMONE ARE T3, T4, AND CALCITONIN? THYROID HORMONES
ESTROGEN AND ROPGESTERONE ARE SECRETED BY WHAT? THE OVARIES
A DIFICIENCY OF ADH IS MOST LIKELY TO INDUCE WHAT? POLYURIA
WHAT DOES OSTEOCLASTIC ACTIVITY ELEVATE? PLASMA CALCIUM
CAUSES GLUCOSURIA AND POLYURIA HYPERGLYCEMIA
CATECHOLAMINES AND STEROIDS ARE SECRETED BY WHAT GLAND? ADRENAL GLAND
PERSISTENT LONG-TERM STIMULATION OF THE THYROID GLAND BY TSH IS MOST LIKELY TO CAUSE? GOITER
MAY BE CAUSED BY STEROID (PREDNISONE) THERAPY CUSHING'S SYNDROME
POLYURIA, POLYDIPSIA, AND POLYPHAGIA ARE CAUSED BY LONG-TERM DIFICIENCY OF WHAT? INSULIN (DIABETES MELLITUS)
CRETINISM, MYXEDEMA, AND GRAVES' DISEASES ARE WHAT TYPE OF DISORDERS? THYROID
MOST LIKELY TO EXPAND BLOOD VOLUME? ALDOSTERONE
ABRUPT, SUDDEN WITHDRAWAL OF PREDNISONE (CORTISOL) IS MOST LIKELY TO CAUSE? ACUTE ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY
DEVELOPS WITH AN INSULIN DEFICIT GLUCONEOGENESIS
INSULIN IS RELEASED PRIMARILY IN RESPONSE TO... INCREASED BLOOD SUGAR
DESCRIPTION OF THE HEPATIC CONVERSION OF PROTEIN-BREAKDOWN PRODUCTS INTO GLUCOSE, IS CALLED? GLUCONEOGENESIS
VIRILIZATION IS MOST LIKELY TO BE OBSERVED IN THIS CONDITION EXCESS STEROIDS SUCH AS PREDNISONE
CAUSES OSTEOPOROSIS AND VERTEBRAL COMPRESSION FRACTURES FROM PROLONGED USE OF, WHAT? GLUCOCORTICOIDS
HORMONES THAT ARE "AIMED AT" A TARGET TROPIC HORMONES
TYPE OF GLANDS THAT SECRETE INTO DUCTS; EXAMPLES INCLUDE SWEAT GLANDS, SEBACEOUS GLANDS, AND GLANDS THAT SECTETE DIGESTIVE ENZYMES EXOCRINE GLANDS
TYPE OF GLANDS THAT SECRETE HORMONES; CALLED DUCTLESS GLANDS ENDOCRINE GLANDS
AN EXAMPLE IS THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE BIORHYTHM(S)
DESCRIBES A SPECIFIC TISSUE OR ORGAN TO WHICH A HORMONE BINDS TARGET TISSUE (ORGAN)
BETA AND ALPHA CELLS OF THE ISLETS OF LANGERHANS PANCREAS
GONADS THAT SECRETE ESTROGEN AND PROGESTERONE OVARIES
SECRETES T3, T4 AND CALCITONIN THYROID GLAND
SECRETES RELEASIGN HORMONES HYPOTHALMUS
TARGET GLAND FOR ACHT ADRENAL CORTEX
GLAND THAT ENLARGES AS A GOITER THYROID GLAND
USES IODINE TO SYNTHESIZE ITS HORMONES THYROID GLAND
GLANDS THAT ARE SOMETIMES EBEDDED WITHIN THE THYROID GLAND; REMOVAL CAUSES HYPOCALCEMIC TETANY PARATHYROID GLANDS
EPINEPHRINE AND NOREPINEPHRINE; SYMPATHOMIMETIC HORMONES CATECHOLAMINES
PANCREATIC HORMONE THAT INCREASES BLOOD GLUCOSE GLUCAGON
HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES THAT CONTROL THE HORMONAL SECTETION OF THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND RELEASING HORMONES
Created by: aantonino