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Cellular Metabolism

QuestionAnswer
Catabolism Metabolic processes that break down larger molecules into smaller ones
Anabolism Provides all the materials required for cellular growth and repair
What are enzymes? Protein that catalyzes a specific biochemical reaction
Do the enzymes act on all substrates or just particular one's?
How do enzymes and substrates recognize each other?
What is a cofactor? Small molecule or ion that must combine with an enzyme for activity
What is a coenzyme? Non protein organic molecule required for the activity of a particular enzyme
What happens when ATP becomes ADP? (2 things)
Which cellular respiration step is aerobic?
Which cellular respiration step is anaerobic?
What is DNA's function (job)?
Compare and contrast DNA and RNA
What are the steps of DNA replication?
Explain the functions of mRNA, tRNA, and rRNA
What are the steps of protein synthesis?
What does the structure of a protein determine?
What is a result of a misshapen protein?
What is electrophoresis? How does it sort DNA?
Just specific ones
By the way they are shaped
1) ATP molecule splits off one of the three phosphates transforming into ADP 2) the energy that held the phosphate molecule is released to do the required work for the cell
Electron Transport Chain
Glycolysis
To code proteins and tell the cell how to work and what to do
DNA is long and double-stranded with the bases GUANINE, CYTOSINE, ADENINE, THYMINE, RNA has short single strands with the bases GUANINE, CYTOSINE, ADENINE, URACIL. They both have the same nucleotides of phosphate, sugar, and base
1st- the separation of the two DNA strands 2nd- replication fork formation 3rd- binding of bases to each strand 4th- termination of the replication process
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell RNA molecule that carries an amino acid to a ribosome in protein synthesis Type of RNA that forms part of the ribosome
1st- Unzipping 2nd- transcription 3rd- translation (initiation) 4th- elongation 5th- termination
The function
It causes a mutation
the movement of charged particles in a fluid or gel under the influence of an electric field It sort then by using different wells
Created by: Kalico2019