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Well Baby RD

TermDefinition
Startle or Moro Reflex Sudden or loud noise or the sensation of falling causes a young baby to extend, legs, arms and fingers, arch back and draw head back, then draw arms back, fists clenched into chest
Inguinal hernia A part of the intestines slips through one of the inguinal canals and bulges into the groin
Dermal melanocytosis Flat birthmarks that can be deep brown, slate gray or blue-black in colour (mongolian spots)
Walking/Stepping Reflex Held upright on a table or flat surface, supported under the arms, a newborn may lift one leg and then the other, taking what seems to be “steps”
Pertussis Caused by germs in the throat and lungs, which cause violent coughing that make people vomit and stop breathing (aka whooping cough)
Vernix Greasy, white substance that covers and protects baby’s skin
Baby acne Red, pimply rash on the face
Babinski Reflex When sole of foot is gently stroked from heel to toe, the toes flare upward and foot turns in
Milia Tiny whiteheads on baby’s face
NBAS Believed by some to be a better predictor of future development, thirty-minute assessment often carried over several days
Cradle Cap Usually appears as crusty patches on baby’s scalp, sides of the nose, eyelids, eyebrows and behind the ears Rooting Reflex A newborn whose
Diphtheria Causes a sore throat (greenish colour), fever and chills. Also cause breathing, swallowing, heart and nerve problems
Meningococcal Disease Spread by kissing, coughing and sneezing. Also spread by sharing drinks, toothbrushes, mouth guards and other objects that go in the mouth
Rubella Can cause chronic arthritis and blood clotting problems
Palmar Grasping Reflex With baby facing forward, arms flexed, an index finger pressed against palm will cause a flexing of the hand in an attempt to grasp
Meningitis Infection of the fluid around the spinal cord and brain
Baby eczema Patches of red skin that shows up as dry, thickened, scaly skin or tiny red bumps that can blister, ooze or become infected if scratched
Fontanels known as soft spots, allow an infant’s skull to be compressed during passage through the birth canal
Sickle cell disease Hemoglobin S, which can distort red blood cells into a crescent shape
SIDS Doctors cannot explain what caused a baby’s death
Tonic Neck Reflex Placed on back, a young baby will assume a ‘fencing position” head to one side, with arms and legs on that side extended and opposite limbs flexed
Heat rash Hot humid weather is prime time to cause little bumps on the skin when baby overheats
Polio Causes nerve damage and paralysis of muscles for breathing, talking eating and walking
Intussusception The inversion of one portion of the intestine within another
Guillain-Barré Syndrome Rare but serious autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks healthy nerve cell
Granulocytopenia A marked decrease in the number of granulocytes
HPV a group of viruses that can lead to genital warts and cervical cancer. It is spread through direct skin contact, usually sex
enuresis Involuntary urination
Created by: Jessica Longboat
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