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SSCT Intro to A&P 61

SSCT Intro to Anantomy & Physiology Ch. 6-1

epidermis superficial, made up of stratified squamous
Dermis Deep, mainly connective tissue
Subcutaneous layer Made of loose connective tissue and fat, insulates the body from hot and cold
Cutaneous Membrane skin
Serous Membrane lines body cavities and covers the surfaces of organs
Mucous Membrane lines body surfaces that opening directly to the outside (digestive, urinary, respiratory
Visceral portion covers the surface of the organs found in the body cavities
Parietal Portion lines the walls of the body cavity
First Degree Burn surface of epidermis, reddening, no blistering, minimum tissue damage
Second Degree Burn Deep epidermis, damage to upper levels of dermis, damages sweat glands, hair follicles, sebaceous glands, pain, blisters, swelling, fluid loss, scarring
Third Degree Burn Full thickness, complete destruction of epidermis, complete destruction of dermis, into SubQ layer, may involve muscle and bone, danger fluid loss, risk of infection, no pain.
Derma Papillae form the ridges and grooves that make up the fingerprints and footprints
Ball & Socket Joint Shoulder & hip
Hinge joint Elbow
Pivot Joint Atlas & Axis
Saddle Joint Thumb
Gliding Joint Vertebrae
Condyloid Wrist
Osteoblast lays down bone matrix; builds up bone
Osteocyte maintains bone
Osteoclast tears down bone
Synarthrosis Joint has no movement, fibrous connective tissue, holds 2 bones together (sutures in skull)
Amphiarthroses Joint slight movement, cartilage between bones, allows some movement (symphysis pubis, joints between vertebrae)
Dianthrosis Joint Freely movable, joint capsule, joint cavity, many types; majority of joints in body
Diaphysis long portion of the long bone
Medullar Cavity Core
Epiphyses bone ends
Articular Cartilage on the ends
Periosteum exterior shell
Endosterum interior shell
Synovial Membrane secretes lubricating fluid (synovial fluid) that allows easier movement with less friction
Osteons structural unit of compact bone tissue made up of concentric layers of hard bone matrix and bone cells
Concentric Lamella ring of calcified matrix surrounding the Haversian canal
Canaliculi an extremely narrow tubular passage or channel in compact bone
Lacuna space or cavity
Osteocyte bone cell
Created by: dmdisme