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Medication Errors

Chapter 17

Prescribing Errors occurs at the time a prescriber orders a drug for a specific patient. Errors can include the selection of an incorrect drug, dose, dosage form, route of administration, length of therapy or number of doses, illegible handwriting.
Omission Errors failure to administer an ordered dose to a patient before the next scheduled dose.
Wrong Time Error Timing of administration is critical to the effectiveness of some medications. Maintaining an adequate blood level of some drugs, such as antibiotics, frequently depends on evenly spaced, around the clock dosing. Administering doses too early or too lat
Unauthorized Drug Error administration of a medication for one patient was given mistakenly to another patient or if a nurse gave a medication without a prescriber order. Another cause is when patients “share” prescriptions at home. Refilling a prescription that has no refills
Improper Dose Error occurs when a patient is given a dose that is greater or less than the prescribed dose.
Wrong Dosage Form Error Doses administered or dispensed in a different form than ordered by the prescriber.
Wrong Drug Preparation Error Drugs that require reconstitution (adding liquid to dissolve a powdered drug), dilution or special preparation prior to dispensing or administration.
Wrong Administration Technique errors Doses that are administered using an inappropriate procedure or incorrect technique.
Deteriorated Drug Errors Drugs used past their expiration date. Refrigerated drugs stored at room temperature .
Monitoring Errors result from inadequate drug therapy review.
Compliance Error when a patient fails to follow or adhere to a prescribed drug regimen.
Other errors Errors that cannot be placed into one to the other eleven categories are grouped together in a miscellaneous category.
Created by: tammygrace