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Lesson 12

Medical Terminology Lesson 12: Directional Terms,Word combinations

TermDefinition
anterior front side
distal farthest point away from
dorsal backside
high fowlers sitting at 90 degrees
inferior below
Semi fowlers sitting at 45 degrees
lateral side of
medial middle
peripheral on the edge of or outside of
posterior rear or back of
posterior prone
proximal nearest
superior above
supine lie on back
transverse across
ventral to the belly
myalgia muscle + pain
myesthesia muscle + sensation
myocele muscle + protrusion (hernia)
myocyte muscle + cell
myocytolysis muscle + cell + destruction
myocytoma muscle + cell + tumor
myoedema muscle + swelling
myofacial muscle + fascia tissue
myograph muscle + writing (record)
myoid muscle + like (resembles)
myolipoma muscle + fat + tumor
myology muscle + study of
myoma muscle + tumor
myomalacia muscle + softening
myomectomy muscle + tumor + removal
myoneural muscle + nerves
myoneuralgia muscle + nerve + pain
myoparesis muscle + paralysis
myopathy muscle + disease
myoplasty muscle + surgical repair (plastic surgery)
myosalpingitis muscle + fallopian tube + inflammation
osteoarthropathy bone + joint + disease
osteaochondritis bone + cartilage + inflammation
osteomyelitis bone + marrow + inflammation
osteopath bone + disease (usually refers to a physician specialty)
osteoplasty bone + surgical repair (plastic surgery)
osteoporosis bone + porous + condition of
osteorrhaphy bone + suture (wiring together of bones)
osteosclerosis bone + hardening + condition of
derma skin
dermahemia skin + blood
dermatalgia skin + pain
dermatitis skin + inflammation
dermatoalloplasty skin + graft + surgical repair (plastic surgery)
dermatocyst skin + bladder (filled with something)
dermatoid skin + resembles
dermatologist skin + one who studies
dermatolysis skin + dissolution (destruction)
dermatome skin + instrument (used to remove skin for grafting)
dermatomycosis skin + fungus + condition of
dermatoneurosis skin + nerves + condition of (skin eruptions due to emotion)
dermatopathy skin + disease
dermatophobia skin + fear (afraid of catching a skin disease)
dermatoplasty skin + surgical repair (plastic surgery)
dermatorrhagia skin + bleeding
dermatorrhea skin + drainage
dermatorrhexis skin + rupture
epidermitis outer + skin + inflammation
epidermodysplasia outer + skin + bad + molding
hypodermis below + skin
intradermal within + skin
melanoderma black + skin (dark pigmentation)
odont teeth
odontalgia tooth + pain
odontoprisis tooth + sawing (tooth grinding)
odontoptosis tooth + drop (downward placement )
odontorrhagia tooth + bleeding
odontoscopy tooth + exam
scleroderma hardening + skin
subdermal below + skin
xanthoderma yellow + skin
epigastric outer + stomach
gastrocele stomach + protrusion (hernia)
gastrocolitis stomach + colon (small intestines) + inflammation
gastrocoloptosis stomach + colon (small intestine) + drop downward placement)
gastroduodenal stomach + duodenum (first part of the small intestines)
gastroduodenoscopy stomach + duodenum + exam
gastroenteritis stomach + intestines + inflammation
gastroenterology stomach + intestines + study of
gastroenteropathy stomach + intestines + disease
gastroenteroplasty stomach + intestines + surgical
gastroesophagitis stomach + esophagus + inflammation
gastrohepatic stomach + liver
gastrolithiasis stomach + stone + condition of
gastromalacia stomach + softening
gastromegaly stomach + englargment
gastromyxorrhea stomach + mucous + drainage
gastropathy stomach + disease
gastropexy stomach + fixation (stomach is surgically attached to the abdominal wall)
gastroplasty stomach + surgical repair (plastic surgery)
gastropylorectomy stomach + pylorus (gatekeeper) + excision
gastorrhagia stomach + bleeding
gastorrhaphy stomach + suture
gastroorrhea stomach + drainage (excessive)
gastorrhexis stomach + bursting
gastroscopy stomach + exam
gastrostomy stomach + opening (new opening into the stomach)
gastronomy stomach + incision
gastrotoxic stomach + poison
nasalgastric nose + stomach
orogastric mouth + stomach
bradycardia slow + heart
cardioangiography heart + vessel + write (record of electrical impulses)
cardioarterial heart + artery
cardiocele heart + herniation (protrusion through its sac)
cariogenesis heart + beginning (heart of a fetus)
cardiogram heart + exam
cardiohepatic heart + liver
cardiohepatomegaly heart + liver + large
cardiokinetic heart + movement
cardiologist heart + one who studies
cardiology heart + study of
cardiomalacia heart + softening
cardiomegaly heart + large
cardiomyopathy heart + muscle + disease
cardioplegia heart + paralysis
cardioptosia heart + dropping (the heart sags from its normal location)
cardiopulmonary heart + lungs
cariorraphy heart + suture
cardiorrhexis heart + ruture
cardiotoxic heart + poison
cardiovascular heart + vessels
carditis heart + inflammation
echocardiogram sound + heart + write (record)
endocarditis within + heart + inflammation
endocardium within + heart (lining of the heart)
epicardium upon + heart (same as pericardium)
myocardium muscle + heart
pericardium outside + heart (covering the heart)
tachycardia fast + heart
bronchoconstriction windpipe + tightening
broncho windpipe
bvronchodilatation windpipe + widening
bronchoedema windpipe + swelling
bronchoesophagoscopy windpipe + esophagus + exam
bronchomycosis windpipe + fungus + condition of
bronchopheumonia windpipe + lung + condition
bronchopulmonary windpipe + lung
bronchoscopy windpipe + exam
bronchospasm windpipe + contraction (spasm)
bronchostaxis windpipe + bleeding
bronchotracheal windpipe + trachea
pleurocentesis rib side + puncture
pneumo air + lung
pleuro rib side
pulmo lungs
pleurodesis rib side + adhesions (adhesions are bands that connect opposing serous surfaces)
pleurodynia rib side + pain
pleurolith rib side + stone
pleurolysis rib side + dissolution (destruction)
pneumoangiography lung + vessel + write (record)
pneumogram lung + writing (record)
pneumohypoderma air + below + skin
pneumonectomy lung + removal
pneumonitis lung + inflammation
pneumonopathy lung + disease
pneumonopexy lung + fixation
pneumoradiography lung + X-ray + write (record)
pneumoscope lung + to examine
pheumothorax air + chest
pneumovirus air + virus
pulmonectomy lung + removal
sinopulmonary sinuses + lung
glycosuria sugar + urine
nephro kidney
uri urine
hematuria blood + urine
nephrocystosis kidney + bladder (cysts) + condition of (cyst in this case is not to be confused with urinary bladder)
nephogram kidney + write (record)
nephroid kidney + resemble
nephrolith kidney + stone
nephrolithiasis kidney + stone + condition of
nephroma kidney + tumor
nephromegaly kidney + enlargement
nephropathy kidney + disease
nephrosclerosis kidney + hardening + condition of
nephrostomy kidney + opening (surgical opening into the kidney)
pyelonephritis pelvis (hip) + kidney + inflammation
urinometer urine + measure
urinoscopy urine + exam
oophoro ovary
mastalgia breast + pain
mastatrophy breast + wasting away
mastectomy breast + removal
mastitis breast + inflammation
mastoid breast + resembles
mastopathy breast + disease
oophorocystectomy ovary + cyst + removal
oophorom ovary + tumor
oophorosalpingectomy ovary + fallopian tubes + removal
oophorrhagia ovary + bleeding
orchiectomy testes + removal
orchioneuralgia testes + nerve + pain
orchiopathy testes + disease
orchiopexy testes + fixation
orchiotomy testes + incision
neuro nerves
neuralgia nerve + pain
neuralgiform nerve + pain + resemble
neurectasis nerves + extension
neurectomy nerves + excision
neurexeresis nerves + tearing out
neuritis nerves + inflammation
neuroarthropathy nerves + joint + disease
neurocyte nerves + cell
neuroencephalomyelopathy nerve + brain + spinal + disease
neurogastric nerves + stomach
neurogenesis nerves + beginning
neuroid nerves + resembles
neurolinguistics nerves + tongue + science
neurology nerves + study of
neurolysis nerves + dissolution (destruction)
nuromalacia nerves + softening
neuromuscular nerves + muscle
neuromyopathy nerves + muscle + pain
neuroparalysis nerves + loss of use
neuropathogenesis nerves + disease + beginning
neuropathology nerves + disease + study of
neuropathy nerves + disease
neuropharmacology nerves + drugs + study of
neuropsychiatry nerves + mind + practice of
neurosarcocleisis nerves + flesh + closure
neurosis nerves + condition of (a psychological or behavioural disorder)
neurosurgeon nerves + surgeon
neurotoxic nerves + poison
neurotripsy nerves + rubbing
neurovascular nerves + vessels
Created by: lwhid