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MA509 Respiration

LTI Chapter 12

bronchi Branchs of the trachea that leads towards air sacs of the lungs.
apex Tip of a structure. Upper portion of lung.
mediastinum Region between lungs in the chest cavity; contains trachea, hear, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes.
adenoids Small masses of lymphatic tissue in the throat, close to the nasal(nose) passageway.
alveoli Air sac in the lungs
bronchioles Small brances of the bronchi; terminal bronchioles lead to alveolar ducts.
laryngectomy Removal of larynx or voice box.
diaphragm muscle sparating the chest and abdomen. It contracts and relaxes to make breathing possible.
hypoxemia deificiency of oxygen in body tissues.
asbestosis abnormal condition of asbestos fiber particles in lungs.
orthopnea breathing is only confortable when a patient is in an upright postion.
pyothorax pus collection in the pleural cavity
percussion tapping on the surface to determine the underlying structure.
croup acute viral infection in infants and children; characterized by barking cough, obstruction of larynx and stridor
dyspnea difficult breathing
asthma chronic inflammation disorder; characterized by airway obstruction and caused by bronchial edema, bronchonstriction, and increased mucus production.
atelectasis collapsed lung
expectoration coughing up of mucus or sputum from the throat and respiratory tract.
pulmonary abscess collection of pus in lungs
hemopysis to stop or control the escape of blood by artifical means or by clotting.
endotracheal intubation tube is placed through the mouth and throat into the trachea to establish an airway.
PPD purified protein derviative
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchial tubes using an endoscope or broncho scope
hypercapnia increased levels of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream.
collapsed lung atelectasis
collection of pus pulmonary abscess
URI upper respiratory infection
DOE dyspnea on exertion
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
tonsillectomy removal of tonsils
pertussis whooping cough; bacterial infection of the throat, larynx and trachea.
laryngoscopy endoscopic visual examination of larynx.
tracheotomy new opening of the trachea to the outside of the body.
Created by: Jasradrk