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Chapter 15

Chapter 15 Test Review

Rheumatologist Doctor specialzing in joint disorders
Osteoblast during bone development immature bone cells called ______produce bony tissue (Breaks down)
Ostecyte nourishes and maintains bone
Epiphysis end of a long bone
condyle knuckle like process at the end of a bone
trochanter is the large process below the neck of a femur
occipital bone it forms the back and base of the skull
mastoid process is the projection of the temporal bone behind the ear.
cranium mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the face
phalanges finger and toe bones
humeral pertaining to the upper arm bone
fibula the smaller of the two lower leg bones
scapula shoulder bone
patella kneecap
peroneal pertaining to the smaller lower leg bone
scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
kyphosis humpback
humer/o upper arm bone
fibuo/o smaller lower leg bone
osteomyelitis inflammation of bone and bone marrow
osteoarthritis chronic inflammation of bones and joints due to degenerative change in cartilage
atrophy wasting away/no development of muscle
leiomyosarcoma malignant tumor of smooth muscle
osteodystrophy poor formation of bone
gouty arthritis inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body
tendon connective tissue that binds muscle to bones
cartilage flexible connective tissue at the joints
comminuted fracture bone that is splintered or crushed
tenorrhaphy suture of a tendon
synovitis inflmmation of the membrane lining the joint
rheumatoid arthritis chronic disease of joint inflammation (primary in small joints/hands/feet) auto inmune reaction
podagra extreme pain of the big toe associated with gouty arthritis
polymyaligia pain of many muscles
bursae a sac of fluid near a joint
arthroplasty surgical repair of a joint
viscero muscle connected to internal organs
inseration connection of muscle to the bone that moves
supination turning the palm forward (upward)
dorsiflexion backward (upward) bending of the foot
plantar flexion bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground
orgin of a muscle connection of the muscle to a stationary bone
fascia fibrous membrane seperating muscles
pyrexia fever
electromyography process of recording the electrical activities of a muscle
chondromalacia softening of cartilage
clavicle collarbone
phosphorus mineral substance in a bone
foramen opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave
acromion outward extension of the shoulder bone
laminectomy operation performed to relieve the symtoms of a slipped disc.
tibi/0 large leg bone
Created by: mstinkernet