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Medical Symbols & Ab

Miscellaneous Symbols & Abbreviations

TermDefinition
greater than >
less than <
higher, elevate, or up
lower or down
pound or number #
foot or minute '
inch or second "
degree °
female ♀ or F
male ♂ or M
one ⅰor I or Ṫ
two ⅱor II or T with 2 dots over it
change Δ
history hx
with
five V
ten X
fifty L
one-hundred C
five-hundred D
one-thousand M
c/o complains of
EKG electrocardiogram
CRT certified respiratory therapist
r/o rule out
CXR chest x-ray
d/c discontinue/ discharge
OR operating room
prn whenever necessary, as needed
ac before meals
stat immediately, at once
RN registered nurse
wt weight
Cl chloride, chlorine
Rx prescription, take treatment
AP apical pulse
T temperature
NPO nothing by mouth
spec specimen
ss (with a line over it) one half
s (with a line over it) without
pt patient; pint (500mL or cc)
BP blood pressure
R respiration, rectal
Na sodium
CDC centers for disease control and prevention
DRG Diagnostic related group
LMP last menstrual period
MRSA methicillin- resistant staphylococcus aureus
vp venipucture, venous pressure
AED automated external defibrillation
HIPPA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
LTC long-term care
BMI Body Mass index
QOD every other day
CVA cerebral vascular-accident
ABG arterial blood gas
BR bed- rest
gtts drops
bid twice a day
cc cubic centimeter
A.M. morning (before noon)
BRP bath room privilages
ECG electrocardiogram
CCU critical/ coronary care unit
Blwk blood-work
CBC complete blood count
BUN blood urea nitrogen
FBS fasting blood sugar
cap capsule
EENT eyes, ear, nose, and throat exam
ADL activities of daily living
FFl force fluids
cl clear
liq liquids
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
Dx: diagnosis
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
ā before
CT computerized tomography
EMT emergency medical technician
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
Gyn gynecology
Why are medical abbreviations used? to make writing shorter for doctors
Where does medical terminology and abbreviations come from? Greek & Latin roots
What is the "Do Not Use List"? a list created by JCAHO used to identify symbols/abbreviations that are dangerous to patients due to medical errors.
I*O intake and output
ICD international classification of diseases
IM intramuscular
h hydrogen
Ht height
mL milliliter
NaCl Sodium cloride (salt)
IV intravenous
H2O water
mm millimeter
Hg mercury
mg milligram
NG,ng, N/G nastrogastric tube
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
KCL potassium chloride
KVO keep vein open
N/S normal saline
NS neurosurgery
HS hour of sleep (bedtime)
TPR temperature, pulse, respiration
q4h every 4 hours
oz ounce
OJ orange juice
qid 4 times a day
tsp teaspoon
qt quart
SSE soap suds enema
pc after meal
po by mouth
pre- op before an operation
post posterior, after
post-op after an operation
OPD outpatient department
Ob obstetrics
VS vital signs (TPR & BP)
q2h every 2 hours
w/c wheelchair
ROM range of motion
q12h every 12 hours
tid three times a day
SCD sequential compression device
PROM passive range of motion
Created by: adriannamolla04