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MT Ch. 4

Essentials of Medical Terminology - Ch. 4

cellul/o cell
cis/o to cut
comat/o deep sleep
digest/o digestion
duct/o to draw
later/o side; lateral
nat/o birth
sept/o infection
son/o sound
-aise ease
-ar pertaining to
-cuspid projection; cusps
-drome to run
-form shape; form
-genous produced by
-gnosis knowledge
-mortem death
-plasm development; formation
-tropia turning
-version turning; tilting
ab- away from
-ion process
duct/o to draw
abduction (ab-DUCK-shun) process of drawing away from
ad- toward
adduction (ah-DUCK-shun) process of drawing toward
ante- before
-al pertaining to
nat/o birth
antenatal (an-tee-NAY-tal) pertaining to before birth
circum- around
circumduction (ser-kum-DUCK-shun) process of drawing a part in a circular motion
dia- throught; complete
-meter measurement
diameter (dye-AM-eh-ter) measurement from edge to edge of a circle
-gnosis knowledge
diagnosis (dye-ag-NOH-sis) one disease is differentiated from another disease after complete knowledge is obtained of the disease thru a study of the signs & symptoms, & laboratory, x-ray, & other diagnostic procedures
ecto- outside
-genous produced by; produced from
ectogenous (eck-TOJ-eh-nus) produced from the outside; infection that originates from the outside
endo- within
-scope instrument used to visually examine a body cavity or organ
endoscope (EN-doh-skohp) instrument used to visually examine a body cavity organ
epi- upon; on; above
-ic pertaining to
epigastric (ep-ih-GAS-trick) pertaining to upon the stomach
e- ; ex- ; exo- ; extra out; outward; outside
-version process of turning
eversion (ee-VER-zhun) process of turning out, as in the turning of the sole of the foot outward
cis/o cut
excision (eck-SIH-zhun) process of cutting out
-ar pertaining to
ocul/o eye
extraocular (ecks-trah-OCK-you-lar) pertaining to outside the eye
hyper- excessive; above
-plasia formation development
hyperplasia (high-per-PLAY-see-ah) excessive formation
hypo- below; under; deficient
hypogastric (high-poh-GAS-trick) pertaining to below the stomach
in- in; into
incision (in-SIH-zhun) process of cutting into
inversion (in-VER-zhun) process of turning in as in the turning of the sole of the foot inward
infra- below; beneath
-al pertaining to
cost/o rib
infracostal (in-frah-KOS-tal) pertaining to below the rib
inter- between
-ar pertaining to
cellul/o cell
intercellular (in-ter-SEL-you-lar) pertaining to between the cells
intra- within
crani/o skull
intracranial (in-trah-KRAY-nee-al) pertaining to within the skull
meta- beyond
-stasis stopping; controlling
metaplasia (met-ah-PLAY-zha) change in formation
metastasis (meh-TAS-tah-sis) the uncontrolled spread of cancerous cells from one organ to another
para- beside; near
nas/o nose
paranasal (par-ah-NAY-sal) pertaining to near the nose
per- through
-ous pertaining to
cutane/o skin
percutaneous ( per-kyou-TAY-nee-us) pertaining to through the skin
peri- around
-itis inflammation
neur/o nerve
perineuritis (per-ih-nyou-RYE-tis) inflammation around a nerve
post- after
-mortem death
postmortem (pohst-MOR-tehm) after death
pre- before; in front of
prenatal (pre-NAY-tal) pertaining to before birth; referring to the fetus
pro- before
-drome to run
prodrome (proh-drohm) symptom or symptoms occurring before the onset of disease. Chest pain,tiredness, shortness of breath are prodromal symptoms of a heart attack.
prognosis (pragh-NOH-sis) prediction or forecast of the outcome of the disease
retro- back; behind
retroversion (ret-roh-VER-zhun) backward turning or tipping of an organ
sub- under; below
subcutaneous (sub-kyou-TAY-nee-us) pertaining to under the skin
lingu/o tongue
sublingual (sub-LING-gwahl) pertaining to under the tongue
supra- above
ren/o kidney
suprarenal (soo-prah-REE-nal) pertaining to above the kidney
trans- across
transection (tran-SECK-shun) process of cutting across
ultra- beyond
son/o sound
ultrasonography (ul-trah-son-OG-rah-fee) process of recording an image of internal structures by using high frequency sound waves
anti- against
-tic pertaining to
antibiotic (an-tih-bye-OT-ick) drug used to kill harmful bacteria
a- ; an- no; not; lack of
sept/o infection
-emia blood condition
aseptic (ay-SEHP-tick) free from infectious material
anemia (ah-NEE-me-ah) lack of red blood cells; lack of hemoglbin
contra- against; opposite
later/o side
contralateral (kon-trah-LAH-ter-al) pertaining to the opposite side
in- not
-ible able to be; tending to
digest/o digestion
indigestible (in-dih-JES-tih-bl) not capable of being digested
bi- ; di- two
bilateral (bye-LAT-er-al) pertaining to two side
dissection (dye-SECK-shun) to cut into two pieces
hemi- ; semi- half
-ectomy excision
hemigastrectomy (hem-ee-gas-TRECK-toh-mee) excision of half the stomach
comat/o deep sleep
semicomatose (sem-ee-KOH-mah-tohs) state of unconsciousness from which the patient may be aroused
mono- ; uni- one
-cyte cell
monocyte (MON-oh-sight) blood cell with a single nucleus
unilateral (you-nih-LAT-er-al) pertaining to one side
multi- ; poly- many
-form shape; form
-oma tumor
aden/o gland
multiform (MUL-tih-form) having many shapes
polyadenoma (pol-ih-ad-eh-NOH-mah) tumor of many glands
quadri- four
quardrilateral (kwad-rih-LAT-er-al) pertaining to four sides
tri- three
-cuspid projection; cusp
tricuspid (try-KUS-pid) three cusps or projection
ana- apart; up
anatomy study of the structure of the body
auto- self
-opsy to view
autopsy internal & external examination of the body after death to det cause of death
brady- slow
bradycardia (brad-ee-KAR-dee-ah) pertaining to a slow heartbeat
dys- bad; abnormal; difficult; painful
dysplasis (dis-PLAY-see-ah) abnormal development
macro- large
macrocephalia (mack-roh-seh-FAY-lee-ah) excessively large head
mal- bad
-aise ease
malaise (mah-LAYZ) feeling of uneasines or discomfort; a sign of illness
micro- small
microscope instrument used to visually examine very small object
neo- new
neoplasm new formation of tissue such as an abnormal growth or tumor
pan- all
hyster/p uterus
panhysterectomy (pan-hiss-ter-RECK-toh-mee) excision of all the uterus
syn- ; sym- together; with; joined
-metry process of measuring
synarthroctic (sin-ar-THRAH-tick) type of joint in which the bones are joined
symmetry (SIM-eh-tree) like parts on opposite sides of the body are similar in form, size, & position
tachy- fast; rapid
tachycardia (tack-ee-KAR-dee-ah) pertaining to fast heartbeat
Created by: ltravis