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Vocabulary 5469AD

Medical Terminology Vocabulary Words

Absorption The amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation.
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance established criteria.
Ambulatory pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center that provides medication service to ambulatory patients.
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Automated medication dispensing device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the blood stream.
Brand-name drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacture.
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream.
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of a drug products that are located in a central location. robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location ( usually centrally located) in the hospital. personnel and functions reside in self-contained location.
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernment agency or association grants recognition to an individuals who has met a certain predetermined qualifications.
Chain pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products.
Controlled substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the federal controlled substances act. Sublected to stricter than other prescriptions and non prescription drugs
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. *Often supported by a central pharmacy *Example ( pharmacy satellite )
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Drug distribution services The system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs.
Expectorate To cough up or spit.
Generic drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufactures, usually resulting in a significant reduction of price.
Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act ( HIPPA ) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information.
Inhaltant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle.
Intradermal Injected directly into the top layer of the skin.
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, buttock, or thigh, and absorbed from the muscle tissue to the bloodstream.
Intraperitoneal Administered into the peritoneal space (Abdominal cavity).
Intrapleural Administered into the pleural space, which is the sac that surrounds the lung.
Intrathecal Injected into the space around the spin.
Intravenous Injected directly into the vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body.
Legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. is the older term for drugs for drug that are now identified as "Rx only".
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary.
Lozenge A hard, disk shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacist and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed out (Not Picked Up By Patients)
Medication administration record (MAR) A component of the paper patient medical record in which a nurse and other health care professionals document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient.
Medication order A written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patients medication in an in patient setting.
National Drug Code ( NDC ) Number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semi solid dosage form, applied to the skin or mucus membranes, which lubricate and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs Drugs that are available without prescription.
Package insert A manufactures product information sheet that is provides general drug information such as how it works, indications, adverse effects, drug interactions, dosage form, stability, and dosing information.
Parenteral A route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract such as IV, Intramuscular, subcutaneous administration.
Patient counseling The act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
Pharmacist A health care professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy. Pharmacist have advanced training in the pharmaceutical sciences.
Pharmacy satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Practice of pharmacy The responsibilities that pharmacist are permitted to perform in the states. regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations. The state law and regulations establish the scope of the practice of pharmacy in particular states.
Prescription The written or verbal authorization, by an authorized prescribe. A physical product being dispensed.
Primary prescription label A label affixed to a dispensed drug product, contains legally required information, pharmacy name and address, patient name, prescriber name, drug name, directions for use, date dispensed, cautionary statements, sequential prescription numbers.
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.
STAT Abbreviation of the Latin word statim, meaning immediatly; commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin.
Subgingival Administered via the subginval space, which is the space between the tooth and gum.
Sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it dissolves and is absorbed into the bloodstream.
Technicial An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession. Pharmacy technician assists the pharmacist with day to day task.
Topical Applied to the skin, mucus membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous.
Community pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Par-level system An inventory management system in which predetermined stock minimum and maximum quantities to be maintained are established. once stock goes below Par-level more, more is ordered
Prfessionalism Actively demonstrating the attitude, qualites and behavior of a professional while performing the duties of ones profession. Putting the needs of others before your own.
Created by: noogle
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