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Organic Compounds

Components of Organic Compounds in the body

Organic CompoundComponent
Carbohydrates Consist primarily of sugars or saccharides
Carbohydrates Include monosaccharides, which are simple sugars that provide nutirent energy and form other compounds
Carbohydrates Include ribose and deoxyribose, which are part of the nucleic acids that form the genetic code in cells
Carbohydrates Include oligosaccharides, which serve as antigens on the outer surface of cell membranes
Carbohydrates Include cellulose, an indigestible substance that provides bulk to the contents of the digestive tract and promotes healthy movement through the intestines
Carbohydrates Include glycogen, which consists of a very-complex chain of glucose molecules that can be stored in the liver and skeletal muscles unitl converted back into glucose
Carbohydrates Include starches, which consis of chains of glucose that are split apart during digestion
Lipids Consist of carbon, hydrogen, and sometimes phosphorus, often in the form of fatty acids
Lipids Include triglycerides, which store energy primarily in the form of body fat
Lipids Include phospholipids, which are one constituent of cell membranes
Lipids Include steroids, which are one constituent of cell membranes and assist with hormone synthesis
Lipids Include prostaglandis, which regulate hormone action, enhance the immune system, and affet the inflammatory response
Proteins Consist of amino acids, which are made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and in some cases, sulfur
Proteins Include keratin, collagen, hemoglobin, myosin, and other structural proteins that form receptor sites in cell membranes
Proteins Include hormones, which regulate body functions including growht, sexual maturation, and cell functions
Proteins Include antibodies, which tag harmful substances in the body so that they will be destroyed
Proteins Include enzymes, which serve as catalysts in chemical reactions
Nucleic Acids Consist of nucleotides, which are made of a pentose sugar, and phosphate group, and one of five base chemicals that include nitrogen
Nucleic Acids Include deoxyribonucleic acid, which is a double strand of nucleotides with a structure that defines the code of inherited traits
Nucleic Acids Include ribonucleic acid, which is a single strand of nucleotides that synthesizes protein
Created by: eellis