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Chapter 7- Urinary

What are the two structures of the external anatomy of the kidneys? renal capsule and renal hilum
What are the three anatomical structures of the internal kidneys? renal cortex, renal pelvis and renal medulla
The _____________ are the fundamental functional units of the kidneys. nephrons
What are the three processes of urine formation? filtration, reabsorption and secretion
_______________ is the most abundant waste product excreted by the kidneys. urea
What structure transports the urine from our kidneys to the bladder? ureters
What hollow muscular and elastic organ structure collects urine? bladder
What is the anatomical structure that transports our urine from the bladder out of our body? urethra
Medical term for painful urination is __________________. dysuria
The condition in which our urine contains pus is called _______________. pyuria
When there is blood present in the urine it is called _______________. hematuria
________________ is a clinical syndrome in which there is a fluid, electrolyte and hormone imbalance as well as metabolic abnormality which parallels deterioration in kidney function. uremia
What are the main types of renal failure? acute and chronic
Inflammation of the renal pelvis is called _________________. pyelitis
What is another term for renal carcinoma? hypernephroma
________________ is a tumor of the kidneys that typically occurs in children and rarely in adults. Wilm's tumor
A condition frequently associated with STD's that manifests itself as a UTI caused by pus forming bacteria is called _________________. pyelonephritis
When the kidney becomes extremely dilated with urine is causes a condition known as _____________________. hydronephrosis
A genetic disorder of the kidneys in which there is a presence of multiple cysts in bodt kidneys. polycystic kidney disease
Another term for kidney calculi is ____________________. nephrolithiasis
An inflammation of the urethra is called _________________. urethritis
When the urethral sphincter becomes weak over time and with age ________________ can occur. incontinence
An array of tests performed on the urine that is the most common test utilized for urinary symptoms. urinalysis
What does a KUB visualize? kidneys, ureters and bladder
A _________________ is a medical procedure that utilizes sonic vibrations to break up stones. lithotripsy
Name the two different types of dialysis. hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis
This test allows the physician to look inside the bladder and the urethra using a thin, lighted instrument. cystoscopy
What are the main functions of the urinary system? filter blood and produce urine
The triangular region at the base of the bladder where the ureters enter and the urethra exits is called the _______________. trigone
The inadequate secretion or improper utilization of insulin in the body causes ______________________. diabetes mellitus
An x-ray examination of the vascular system of the kidney is called a ____________________. renal angiography
The x-ray imaging of the kidneys, ureters and bladder after injection of contrast through a urinary catheter into the ureters is called a _____________________. retrograde pyelogram
The dilation of narrowed areas in the renal arteries is called a ___________________. renal angioplasty
ARF acute renal failure
CKD chronic kidney disease
ADH antidiuretic hormone
Cath catheter, catheterization
CRF chronic renal failure
ESRD end-stage renal disease
KUB kidney, ureter and bladder
PKD polcystic kidney disease
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
Created by: leanneweit



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