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Competency13 TG 7584

Medical Terminology and Abbreviations

QuestionAnswer
Absorption The amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria (usually refers to recognition of an institution or program
Adjudication Prescription claims adjudication refers to the determination of the insurer's payment after the member's insurance benefits are applied to a medical claim.
Aseptic technique The technique and procedures designed to prevent contamination of drugs, packaging, equipment, or supplies by micro-organisms during preperation
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Automated medication dispensing device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Average wholesale price (AWP) A commonly used benchmark for billing drugs that are reimbursed in the community pharmacy setting. The AWP for a drug is set by the manufacturer of the drug.
Beyond-use labeling A date that is given to a medication noting when it should no longer be used, also referred to as the expiration date.
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream.
Brand-name drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer.
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream.
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self-contained location
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association. This recognition demonstrates that the certified individual
Chain Pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
Child-resistant packaging Child-resistant packaging is special packaging used for hazardous products such as prescription and otc drugs and household products to reduce the risk of children ingesting dangerous items by adding caps that children will have difficulty opening. Child
Community pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Compounding Usually takes place in a pharmacy and includes the preparation, mixing, packaging and labeling of a small quantity of a drug based on a practitioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient.
Controlled substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations. Controlled substances are subject to stricter controls than other prescription and non
Copayment (copay) The portion of the cost of a prescription that the patient is responsible for paying when a part of the cost is covered by a third-party payer.
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. These services are often supported by a central pharmacy. A pharmacy satellite is an example of one form of a decentralized pharmacy service.
Direct purchasing Buying directly from a manufacturer. It typically involves the execution of a purchase order from the pharmacy to the manufacturer of the drug.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Drug distribution services The system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The DEA is part of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Durable medical equipment Reusable equipment used for the treatment of illness or injury (e.g., wheelchairs, walkers, blood glucose meters).
Electronic medication administration record (eMAR) A component of the computerized patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication as administered to the patient.
Elixir A clear, sweet, flavored water and alcohol (hydroalcoholic) mixture intended for oral use.
Excretion The irreversible removal of a drug or metabolite from a body fluid. The most common location of drug excretion in the body is the kidneys; the biliary tract is another important route of excretion.
Formulary A specific list of drugs that are included with a given prescription drug plan.
Generic Drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost.
Hazardous material Any material that poses a risk to people, animals, property or the environment.
Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) A set of medical codes that identifies procedures, equipment, and supplies for claim submission purposes.
Hospital formulary An approval list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves.
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle.
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, thigh, or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream.
Intratracheal Administered into the trachea (windpipe); endotracheal.
intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body.
Legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as Rx Only."
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure that public health, safety, and welfare will be pro
Lozenge A hard, disk-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to (not picked-up by) patients.
Material safety data sheets Information sheets provided by manufacturers for chemicals or drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace. They provide information about the specific hazards of the chemicals or drugs used at the work-site, guidelines for their safe use, and recommenda
Medication administration record (MAR) A component of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and other health-care providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient.
Medication error Any error occurring in the medication use process.
Medication order A written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting.
Medication therapy management (MTM) A service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for a patient.
National Drug Code (NDC) Number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription.
Parenteral A route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration.
Patient counseling The act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
Patient profile A list of information about a patient, including name, identification number, dob, sex, height, weight, lab values, admitting and secondary diagnoses, room and bed number, names of admitting and consulting physicians, allergies, medication history, specia
Pharmacist A health care professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy. Pharmacists have advanced training in the pharmaceutical sciences, such as pharmacology (the study of drugs and their actions in the body), pharmacokinetics (the proc
Pharmacy satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Practice of Pharmacy. The practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through it's pharmacy laws and regulations. The state laws and regulations establish the scope of the practice of pharmacy in the particular state, meaning the responsibilities that pharmacists are perm
Presciption The written or verbal authorization, by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient. This term also refers to the physical product dispensed.
Primary prescription label A label, affixed to a dispensed drug product, that contains legally required information, including pharmacy name and address, patient name, presciber name, drug name, directions for use, date dispensed, cautionary statements, sequential prescription numb
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training
Professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one' profession: "putting the needs of others before your own."
Purchase order A document executed by a purchase and forwarded to a supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products or services.
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list. A pharmacy technician may be required to be registered with the state board of pharmacy before being able to legally carry out some pharmacy functions.
Stat Abbreviation of the Latin word statim, meaning immediately; commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away.
Stock rotation Placing the products that will expire the soonest in the front of the shelf or bin and those with later expiration dates behind them.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
Sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it dissolves and is absorbed into the blood stream.
Suspension A mixture of fine particles of an undissolved solid spread throughout a liquid or, less commonly, a gas.
Technician An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession. A pharmacy technician assists pharmacists by performing routine, day to day functions of the practice of pharmacy that do not require the judgment of a pharmacist.
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous.
Unit dose distribution system A system that provides all or most medications to patients in a unit dose ready-to-administer form.
Unit of use packaging Characterized by a vial, an envelope, or a plastic bag containing several doses of the same medication.
Wholesaler A large-scale warehouse with drugs and supplies located in various geographic regions that exist to help bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market.
Phobia abnormal fear
Bronch/o Bronchus
immueno/o protection
cyt/o cell
Hyperglycemia Too much sugar in the blood
Urologist Physician that specializes in condition of the urinary system
Immunocompromised A condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
Leukemia A malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells.
Subcutaneous Pertaining to below the skin
Cirrhosis Chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
Polyuria Condition in which one urinates excessively
Hematology Medical study of the blood
Anemia A blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells.
Orthopedic Pertaining to the study of the skeletal and muscular system
Percutaneous through the skin
Pyelonephritis Inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
Spirometry Measurement of breathing
Histology The study of tissues's
-plasty Surgical repair
Myocardium Heart muscle
Tachycardia Pertaining to a fast heart rate
Myeloma Tumor of the bone marrow
Cholecystectomy Removal of the gall bladder
Myalgia Muscle pain
Hypoxia A condition of deficient oxygen levels
-sclerosis hardening
Dypsnea Difficult, painful or faulty breathing
Hypokalemia Low blood potassium
Esophagitis Inflammation of the esophagus
Nasogastric Pertaining to the nose and the stomach
Myringitis Inflammation of the tympanic membrane
Dyspepsia The condition of indigestion or painful digestion
Percardium Lining around the outside of the heart
Neuralgia Nerve pain
Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose
Otitis Inflammation of the ear
Created by: tammygrace