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BTM Study Guide

My Study Guide

TermDefinition
Authority A government's legal power to act.
Jurisdiction A government's power to exercise its legal authority over its persons, vessels, and territory.
Five Fundamental Sources of Coast Guard Law Enforcement Authority Maritime Law Enforcement(MLE); Customs under 14 USC 143 and 19 USC 1401; Protection and security of Vessels, Harbors, and Waterfront Facilities, including Law Enforcement Ashore; Assistance under 14 USC 141; CGIS Special Agents
14 USC 2 The Coast Guard shall enforce or assist in the enforcement of all applicable Federal laws on, under and over the high seas and waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
14 USC 89A The Coast Guard may make inquiries, examinations, inspections, searches, seizures and arrests upon the high seas and waters over which the US has jurisdiction for the prevention, detection, and suppression of violations of laws of the United States.
Who has LE authority? Commissioned, warrant, and petty officers; reservists on active duty orders; and cadets who were formerly enlisted.
What do LE personnel have the authority to do? SEASII: Search, Examine, Arrest, Seize, Inspect, and Inquire.
The 4th Amendment The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants issue, but upon probable cause, both supported by oath or affirmation.
The 5th Amendment No person shall be held to answer for a capital,or otherwise infamous crime,unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury,except in cases arising in the land or naval forces,or in the militia,when in actual service in time of war or public danger.
When may a PDW be drawn or long gun loaded? Only if deadly force is authorized, or there is a reasonable possibility that the use of deadly force may be required.
Location of Territorial and Foreign Territorial Seas Up to 12 NM off shore.
Location of Customs waters From internal waters out to 12 NM off shore.
Location of the Contiguous Zone 12-24 NM off shore.
Location of International Waters 12 NM and further from any territory or nation.
Location of EEZ(Exclusive Economic Zone) 12-200 NM off shore.
Location of High Seas 200 NM off US Shore to 12 NM off foreign territorial shore.
Statement of No Objection(SNO) The means by which a Coast Guard flag officer informs a subordinate commander that the flag officer does not object to the proposed use of the subordinate commander's lawful discretion and authority.
Jurisdictional Triangle Vessel Flag/Status, Location, and Substantive Law
Vessel Flag/Status Recreational, Commercial, Non-commercial/Government Owned, Warship; US Flag, Foreign flag, Stateless, Assimilated to statelessness.
Substantive Law Is a law that prohibits certain action or requires affirmative conduct.
How does a vessel claim its nationality? Flying its state's flag or ensign, or a verbal claim of nationality or registry by the master or person in charge of the vessel.
Vessel without nationality or assimilated without nationality Usually falls under the jurisdiction of all nations. A vessel assimilated without nationality is treated as if it had no nationality because of a false or conflicting claim of nationality.
U.S Vessel Requirements Certificate of Documentation, Certificate of Number, and owned in whole or part by a US citizen or national and not registered in another country(Certificate of Registry).
Universal Crimes Under international law, crimes(piracy, slavery, and unauthorized broadcasting) subject to the jurisdiction of any nation.
What is the scope of a BTM's responsibility? Conducting the BISS and EISS, Educating the boating public, and performing all tasks delegated by the BO.
What is required on the LE Belt? PDW and holster, Baton and holder, OC Spray and pouch, 2 Magazines(one in PDW) and 2 pouches, Gloves, Handcuffs and case, handcuff key and holder, Flashlight and ring, and keepers.
What are the three types of self defense? Individual, Unit, and National.
Individual Self-Defense The use of force to defend oneself or others from the imminent threat of physical injury.
Unit Self-Defense The act of defending a particular unit of U.S. forces, and other U.S. forces in the vicinity, against a hostile act or hostile intent.
National Self-Defense The act of defending the United States, U.S. forces, and/or in certain circumstances, U.S. citizens and their property, U.S. commercial assets, or other non designated U.S. forces, foreign nationals and their property, from a hostile act or hostile intent
What are the four types of subjects? (1-3) Passive compliant, passive resistor;(4-6) active resistor, active aggressor.
Passive Compliant A subject who follows the officer’s requests or verbal directions.
Passive Resistor A subject who does not follow the officer’s requests or verbal directions, but offers no physical resistance to the officer’s attempts to gain control.
Active Resistor A subject who does not follow the officer’s requests or verbal directions, offers physical resistance that prevents or may prevent the officer from gaining control, but does not attempt to harm the officer(bracing or pulling away, attempting to flee)
Active Aggressor A subject who attempts to harm or attack the officer.
What are the 6 non-deadly force situations? Individual/Unit self-defense, compel compliance with an order issued by the Coast Guard, prevent a federal crime, to effect an arrest or prevent escape, to prevent destruction/theft of CG property, and enforce an order to evacuate a vessel.
Commandant's UOF Guiding Principles Only that force reasonably necessary under the circumstance may be used. Excessive force may never be used. However, nothing in the application of the CG UOF policy shall be construed as to require personnel to meet force with equal or lesser force.
Describe and explain the use of S.A.F.E.R. Safety. Attack. Flight. Excessive repetitions. Revised priorities.
UOF Continuum - Level 1 Officer Presence - Appearance, demeanor, verbal and non-verbal communication that create an atmosphere of compliance.
UOF Continuum - Level 1 Examples Stance, Uniform, Boat, Blue lights, CG Ensign, PDW, etc.
Describe and explain the application of L.E.A.P.S. Listen. Empathize. Ask questions. Paraphrase. Summarize.
When are the two times a PDW may be drawn or a long gun round chambered with lethal munitions? When deadly force is authorized or there is a reasonable possibility that the use of deadly force may be required.
UOF Continuum - Level 2 Verbal Commands - Verbal commands are in the form of task direction with consequences aimed at the subject.
UOF Continuum - Level 2 Examples Use clear and authoritative voice: Command. . . .Command with Consequence. . . .Follow through with consequence.
Describe and explain the application of T.A.C.K. Thorough. Acceptable. Concise. Keep it short and Simple.
UOF Continuum - Level 3 Control Techniques - Techniques or actions with a low probability of causing connective tissue damage, lacerations to the skin, or broken bones.
UOF Continuum - Level 3 Examples Pressure points; Strength Techniques: escort position, transport wristlock, normal handcuffing; Joint Manipulation; Normal Application of Handcuffs: standing, kneeling, prone, prone offset.
Pressure Point Names and Locations Infra-Orbital(Nose), Hypoglossal(jaw), Mandibular Angle(behind ear), C-Clamp(combination of Infra-Orbital and Mandibular Angle), Jugular Notch(above collar bone).
UOF Continuum - Level 4 Aggressive Response Techniques - Techniques or actions that are likely of causing connective tissue damage, lacerations to the skin, or broken bones, or that will produce irritation of the skin, eyes, and/or mucous membranes.
UOF Continuum - Level 4 Examples Punches, Kicks, Stuns, Takedowns, and Chemical Irritant.
Lower Active Counter Measures Knee Strike, Angle Kick, Front Snap Kick, Superficial Peroneal Kick.
Upper Active Counter Measures Front Jab, Straight Punch, Forearm Strike, Brachial Stun.
Take Downs Straight Arm Bar, Modified, Iron Wristlock, Two-person.
UOF Continuum - Level 5 Intermediate Weapons - Techniques or actions with a high probably of causing connective tissue damage, lacerations to the skin, or broken bones.
UOF Continuum - Level 5 Examples Baton and non-lethal munitions.
UOF Continuum - Level 6 Deadly Force - Any force that is likely to cause death or serious physical injury.
Serious Physical Injury Actual physical injury to the body that results in: unconsciousness, protracted and obvious disfigurement; or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.
Deadly Force Triangle Weapon, Opportunity(Maximum effective range and unrestricted access), and Subjects Actions.
What are the 6 deadly force situations? Self defense, Lawful Arrest or Prevention of Escape, Protection of Property, Protection of Hazmat or Deadly Weapons, Vessel on vessel situations, and deadly force and airspace security
Self Defense(deadly force) Deadly force may be used in individual self-defense only when the officer has a reasonable relief that the subject of such force poses and imminent threat of death or serious physical injury to the officer or to another person.
Lawful Arrest or Prevention of Escape(deadly force) There is probable cause that the suspect has committed a felony involving the use or threatened use of deadly force,the suspect is armed or otherwise poses and threat of death, and the suspect has failed to obey a "halt" order(if it doesn't increase risk)
Post Shooting Procedures Secure the scene, handcuff the subject unless medically inadvisable, call for medical assistance and administer first aid, provide no statements tl anyone other than a federal agent, treat PDW and spent cartridges as evidence.
Pre-boarding questions Have you been boarded by the Coast Guard(when)? Nationality of Vessel, Weapons on board, Hazmat on board, persons on board, LPOC, NPOC.
What's talked about during a brief of a boarding? Location of vessel and surrounding area, Last 5 POC, NPOC, history of compliance with security measures, known or suspected deficiencies with vessel security plan, why vessel was chosen, relevant intelligence, cargo and known safety hazards
Custodial Situation When a reasonable innocent person in the suspect’s position would feel a restraint on his or her freedom of movement to such an extent that it approaches a formal arrest.
B.I.S.S. (Basic Initial Safety Sweep) A quick and limited protective inspection of a vessel for boarding team safety.
E.I.S.S. (Basic Initial Safety Sweep) An EISS may be conducted only when reasonable suspicion exists that there is a particular hazard that may threaten the boarding team. The scope and conduct of the EISS is guided by the suspected hazard.
Search An entry or intrusion by a government agent (including any person acting in a governmental capacity) on a quest for evidence into an area where an individual has a reasonable expectation of privacy.
How do you make a found weapon safe? Make sure that the weapon is registered, Check serial number with intelligence data base, separate the found weapon and ammo in locations unknown to the master or crew, clear the chamber if not already clear.
Characteristics of a Confined Space Large enough to allow a person to enter and perform work, limited or restricted means of entry or exit, and is not designed for continuous human occupancy.
Frisk Search The crushing and passing of hands over the outer clothing of a person in search of weapons, when the officer suspects an individual may have a weapon that poses a threat to the boarding team or others.
Arrest The seizure and taking into custody of a person, believed to have committed a crime, that occurs by the use of physical force or display of official authority, to which the person submits.
Search immediate grab area for weapons, evidence, and means to escape. Start a post-arrest inventory. Put a life jacket on them. Place a watch. Notify OPCON.
Search Incident to Arrest A detailed “crush and feel” search of an arrested individual’s person and thorough search of outer clothing.
Strip Search A strip search involves the intrusive removal of clothing and may be as extensive as a visual examination of the nude body.
Body Cavity Search A body cavity search is a visual or physical examination into a body cavity. A visual inspection of the mouth, ears, or nose during either an SIA or strip search is not considered a body cavity search.
Hostage Situation Procedures for Someone Else Request a Negotiator, Document events, keep a distance, use the same person to communicate with the hostage taker and try to de-escalate the situation, don't solicit demands or make any promises, don't speak face to face, call the hostages by name.
Hostage Situation Procedures for Yourself Do not antagonize or threaten the hostage taker; do not play hero; do not panic, complain, or cry; nurture the Stockholm Syndrome; Present yourself as a person, not an object; If you have an opportunity to escape, take it.
Chain of Custody The chain of custody provides the custodial history of the property, from the time it was seized until it is presented at court, and accounts for each and every change in custody.
Boarding Kit Contents
Specs: Body Armor Full front, side, and back protection. Level IIIA(able to stop a .40 caliber bullet) or higher of protection as described by the National Institute of Justice(NIJ), Black Ballistic Nylon, "USCG" on the front and "United States Coast Guard" on the back.
Specs: OC Pepper Spray Oleoresin Capsicum - No less than 5% and no greater than 10% OC concentration. No more than 500,000 Scoville Heat Units, or exceed 0.2% capsaicinoids. Non-flammable, non-toxic, water-based carried. Straight stream, 3-4 oz., Thumb activation with safety.
Specs: Baton A steel shaft that is silver in color and corrosion resistant; no knurling or sharp edges; foam or non-slip grip; rigged when deployed; no less than 15 inches and no greater than 22 inches long when expanded; spring loaded/pushbutton batons not authorized
Specs: Hand Cuffs Steel, Chain-linked, capable of being double-locked; Nickel, blued or stainless steel finish.
Specs: Radiation Pager S.M.A.C.(Stop. Move away. Alert. Close off) at >4500 μrem/hr or >20 Neutron counts per second. Vibrating, visual, and audible alarms.
Specs: Four Gas Analyzer Sensors for Hydrogen Sulfide, Carbon Monoxide, Combustion(LEL), Oxygen.
Created by: Davader777