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Competency13 TG 7584

Medical Terminolgy and Abbreviations

a-: an-: ana- no; not; without
ante- before; forward
anti- against
bi- two; double; both
brady- slow
contra- against; opposite
dys- difficult; painful
endo- within
epi- above; upon
gynec/o woman
hemi- half
hyper- above; excessive
hypo below; deficient
inter- between
intra- within
mal- bad; poor; abnormal
neo- new
non- not
para- near; beside
per- through
peri- around; surrounding
poly- many; excessive
post- after
pre- before; in front of
retro- behind; backward; upward
semi- half
sub- below; under
syn- together; with
tachy- fast
tri- three
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal; excision
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-lepsy seizure
-oid resembling; like
-(o)logist specialist in the study or treatment of
-(o)logy study of
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy creation of an opening
-otomy incision into
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow discharge
-sclerosis hardening
-stasis control; stop
abdomin/o abdomen
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
ather/o fat; fatty plaque
audi/o hearing; sound
aur/o ear
bronch/o bronchus
bucc/o cheek
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
cyst/o bladder/sac
cyt/o cell
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gyn/o, gyn/e, gynec/o woman
hemat/o, hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water; fluid
hyster/o uterus
lip/o fat
lymph/o lymph
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
narc/o sleep
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o, opthalm/o, opt/o eye
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pancreat/o pancreas
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
pneum/o lungs; air
proct/o rectum
psych/o, psych/i mind or soul
pulmon/o lungs
quadr/i four
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thomb/o clot
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
ven/o vein
cerebrospinal Loss of normal muscle movement
cerebrovascular Pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supply it
epidural Pertaining to above the dura matter
epilepsy A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
meningitis Inflammation of the meninges of the brain
neuralgia Nerve pain
neurologist A physician who specializes in diseases of the neurological system
schizophrenia A type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
bradycardia Pertaining to a slow heart rate
cardiologist A physician who specializes in diseases of the heart
cardiomyopathy Disease of the heart muscle
endocardium Membrane lining the cavities of the heart
hypertension High Blood pressure
hypoxemia Too little oxygen in the blood
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
myocardium heart muscle tissue
pericardium Lining around the outside of the heart
tachycardia Pertaining to a fast heart rate
bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi
dyspnea Difficult, painful, or faulty breathing
hypoxia A condition of deficient oxygen levels
pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx
pulmonologist Specialist in disease of the lungs
rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhea Discharge from the nose
spirometry Measurement of breathing
stethoscope Instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds through the chest wall
arthritis Inflammation of the joints
bursitis Inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac around joints
intramuscular Pertaining to within the muscle
myalgia Muscle pain
orthopedic Literally, means pertaining to straight foot-pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and muscular system
tendinitis Inflammation of the tendon
endocrinology Study of the secreting glands that comprise the endocrine system
hyperglcemia Too much sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism Condition of too much thyroid hormone
hypokalemia Low blood potassium
pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
autoimmune The disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
immunocompromised A condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
leukemia A malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells, or leukocytes
mestastasis The spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
anemia A blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, or the volume of paced red blood cells
hematology Medical study of the blood
myeloma Tumor of the bone marrow
cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gall bladder
cirrhosis Chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
colonoscopy Process of viewing the colon
dyspepsia The condition of indigestion, or of painful digestion
dysphagia Pertaining to difficulty in eating or swallowing
esophagitis Inflammation of the esophagus
gastroenterologist Specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines
nasogastric Pertaining to the nose and the stomach(e.g., a tube that travels from the nose to the stomach
pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
sublingual Pertaining to under the tongue
nephrectomy Surgical removal of a kidney
polyuria Condition in which one urinates excessively
pyelonephritis Inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
urologist Physician who specializes in conditions of the urinary system
conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva
intraocular pertaining to the inside of the eye
ophthalmologist Specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry Process of measuring the eye
photophobia Extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
myringitis Inflammation of the tympanic membrane
otitis Inflammation of the ear
dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
dermatologist Specialist in the study of diseases of the skin
epidermal Pertaining to on the skin
histology The study of tissues
percutaneous through the skin
subcutaneous Pertaining to below the skin
gynecologist A physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
hysterectomy The surgical removal of the uterus
mammogram An x-ray of the breast
obstetrics The specialty pertaining to the care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and the immediate postpartum period
vasectomy Excision of part of the vas deferens to produce male sterility
Created by: tammygrace
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