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GOV CHAP 2 2020

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian Gov. A & B Ch. 2 Flashcards 2020

Complete the following sentence: "This principle of ________________________ was widely popularized in Charles-Louis Montesquieu's 'The Spirit of Laws' & was later vital to the U.S. Constitution." Separation of Powers.
What does the term "Magna Carta" mean? This term means "Great Charter".
What did the Magna Carta do/ accomplish? This limited the power of the monarch (i.e. the king or queen) so that they no longer had absolute power in government.
What was one (1) thing that was different about the "English Bill of Rights" compared to other laws passed by British Parliament? This law applied to both British citizens and American Colonists.
What does the term "representative government" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a government in which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government".
When was the idea of "limited government" first put fourth ? This idea was first put forth in the "Magna Carta".
What was the Albany Plan of Union? This was Benjamin Franklin's proposed plan for uniting the Colonies (1754). The Colonies ended up rejecting this plan.
What were "committees of correspondence"? These were Colonial organizations created in 1773 that urged resistance against British rule. These groups kept in touch with one another to communicate about British troop movements, etc.
What does the term "embargo" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an agreement prohibiting trade".
What does the term "revenue" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the money a government collects from taxes and other sources".
What were two major results of the First Continental Congress? 1.) Placed an "embargo" on all British goods; 2.) They proposed to meet in one year's time if Britain did not change their tax policies.
What was the main function of the Second Continental Congress? This governing body served as the federal government during the Revolutionary War.
What are the three (3) parts of the Declaration of Independence? 1.) A statement of purpose & basic human rights; 2.) A declaration of specific complaints against King George III; 3.) A conclusion that stated the colonists' determination to separate themselves from Great Britain.
What does the term "ratified" mean/ refer to? This term means "approved".
What were the Articles of Confederation? This was a document passed during the Second Continental Congress that "basically continued the structure and operation of government as established under the Second Continental Congress".
What were the four (4) weaknesses of the Article of Confederation? 1.) Congress couldn't levy or collect taxes; 2.) Congress couldn't regulate trade; 3.) Congress couldn't force anyone to obey the laws it passed: 4.) Laws had to be approved by 9 of the 13 Colonies (usually delegates from only 9 or 10 Colonies showed up).
What were some of the successes of the Colonial government under the Articles of Confederation? 1.) The development of the lands west of the Appalachian Mountains; 2.) The passage of the Ordinance of 1785 (to survey and divide these lands); 3.) A peace treaty with Great Britain.
What was the relationship between Congress and state governments under the Articles of Confederation? State governments had more power than the national/federal government.
What was James Madison's main idea in his article titled "Federalist No. 10"? Madison's main idea in this article was that "factions" will eventually prove dangerous to maintaining a stable government.
Created by: sticklerpjpII