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Medical Terms

TermDefinition
Myocardium Heart muscle tissue.
Absorption Amount of medication that enters the bloodstream; systemic circulation.
Ambulatory Pharmacy Pharmacy located close to a clinic, hospital or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Automated Medication Dispensing Device Drug storage device that contains inventory of medication that is electronically dispensed to patients to be administered in a controlled manner.
Brand-Name Drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is only available from a single manufacturer.
Centralized Dispensing Automation Technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location (pharmacy) that can include robotics that use barcode scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency.
Community Pharmacy A stand-alone located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Decentralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area, often supported by a central pharmacy (pharmacy satellite).
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) Federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled and illegal substances (narcotics). This agency is part of the US Department of Justice.
Generic Drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is available from multiple manufacturers. This may result in a significant reduction of cost.
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin.
Accreditation Process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria of a program.
Automated Dispensing Technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Bioavailability Percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream.
Buccal Solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and is absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream.
Centralized Pharmacy Services provided from one location in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self contained location.
Chain Pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded over the counter products.
Controlled Substances Drug and chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and the state controlled substance laws and regulations. They are subject to stricter controls than other prescription/non-prescription drugs.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for the use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Expectorate To cough up or spit.
Health Insurance Portatbility and Accountability Act (HIPPA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patient's private health information.
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass (upper arm, thigh, buttocks)and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream.
Intraperitneal Administered into the peritoneal space (abdominal cavity).
Intrapleaural Administered into the pleural space (sac that surrounds the lungs).
Intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord.
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and immediately able to act in body.
Legend Drug Drug required to be dispensed by prescription only.
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to protect public health, safety, and welfare.
Lozenge Hard, disk-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as it is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-Order Pharmacy Functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to patients.
Medication Pharmacy A written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting.
National Drug Code (NDC) Number A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-The-Counter (OTC) Drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription.
Parenteral A route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as an IV, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration.
Patient Counseling Act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug at the time of dispensing.
Pharmacist A healthcare professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy. They have advances training in pharmaceutical sciences such as pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmaceutics.
Pharmacy Satellite A physical space located in r near a patient care are that can provide a variety of distributed and clinical services.
Practice of Pharmacy Regulated through each state though its pharmacy laws and regulations. Establishes scope of practice in the particular state.
Prescription The written or verbal authorization for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient. This also refers to the physical product that is dispensed.
Primary Prescription Label Contains legally required information such as pharmacy name, address, patient name, pharmacist name, quantity, number of refills, expiration date, and lot number.
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
Professionalism Actively demonstrating attitudes, qualities, behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession.
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list. This may be required to practice in certain states.
STAT Comes from the Latin word "statim." Refers to the immediate need for a drug.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin.
Subgingival Administered via the subgingival space, which is the space between the tooth and gum.
Sublingual Placed under tongue. It dissolves and is absorbed into the bloodstream.
Pharmacy Technician Assists pharmacist by performing routine day-to-day functions of the practice of pharmacy that don't require the judgement of a pharmacist.
Topical Applied to skin, mucous membrane, and other external parts of the body such as fingernails, toenails and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous.
Bradycardia Pertaining to a slow heart rate.
Arthritis Inflammation of the joints.
Tachycardia Pertaining to a fast heart rate.
Dyspnea Difficult, painful, or faulty breathing.
Rhinorrhea Discharge from the nose.
Metastasis The spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or the lymph.
Hyperglycemic Too much sugar in the blood.
Hypokalemia Low blood potassium.
Conjuctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Otitis Inflammation of the ear.
Created by: gmartinez64