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Medical Terms

Definition of Medical Terminology

Absorption Amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation
Accreditation Process of granting recognition of vouching for compliance with established criteria (usually refers to recognition of an institution or program)
Ambulatory Pharmacy Pharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed
Automated medication dispensing device Drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically
Arthritis Inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness that can worsen with age
Bioavailability Percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream
Brand-name drug Drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer
Bradycardia abnormally slow heart action
Buccal Solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients
Centralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self-contained location
Certification Voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association. Demonstrates achievement in skills, knowledge, and experience
Chain pharmacy Pharmacy part that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
Community pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
Controlled substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations. Subject to stricter controls than other prescription and non-prescription drugs
Conjunctivitis Pink eye
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. These services are often supported by a central pharmacy. A pharmacy satellite is an example of one form of a decentralized pharmacy service
Dispensing Act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription
Drug enforcement agency (DEA) Federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. DEA is part of the UD dept. of Justice
Expectorate Cough up or spit
Generic drug Drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufactures, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost
Health insurance portability and accountability act (HIPAA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information
Hyperglycemic High blood sugar // Excessive amount of glucose circulating blood plasma
Hypokalemia when blood's potassium levels are too low
Inhalant Fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist though the mouth into the respiratory tract
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, though, or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream
Intraperitoneal Administered into the peritoneal space (abdominal cavity)
Intrapleural Administered into the pleural space, which is the sac that surrounds the lungs
Intrathecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body
Legend drug Drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription drug only. AKA "Rx Only"
Licensure Process by which an agency of the gov't grants permission to an indv. to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure public health, safety, and welfare protection
Lozenge Hard, disk-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held by mouth and sucked
Mail-Order pharmacy Pharmacy that functions like a ware-house, with pharmacist and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to (not picked-up by) patients
Medication order Written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting
Metastasis the development of secondary malignant growths at a distance from a primary site of cancer
Myocardium the muscular tissue of the heart
National drug code (NDC) number Unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of ID
Ointment Semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs Drugs available without a prescription
Parenteral Route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration
Patient counseling Act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing
Pharmacist Health care professional licensed by state to engage in the practice of pharmacy
Pharmacy satellite Physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services
Practice of pharmacy Regulated by each state through is pharmacy laws and regulations. Scope of practice of pharmacy
Prescription Written or verbal authorization, by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an indv. patient. AKA physical product dispensed
Primary prescription label label, affixed to a dispensed drug product, that contains legally required information, including pharmacy name and address, patient name, perceiver name, drug name, directions for use, date dispensed, cautionary statements, lot #, # of refills, etc
Professional Person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training
Prefessionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities & behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession: "putting the needs of others before you own"
Registration Process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.
STAT Abbreviation of the latin word statim, meaning immediately; commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
Subgingival Administered via the subgingival space, which is the space between the tooth and gum
Sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it dissolves and is absorbed into the bloodstream
Technician pharmacy Indv. skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous
Tachycardia an abnormally rapid heart rate
Rhinorrhea condition where the nasal cavity is filled with a significant amount of mucus fluid
Dyspnea difficult or labored breathing
Created by: kreyes521
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