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chapter 1

word parts and meanings

TermDefinition
rrhaphy surgical suturing
truama wound or injury
inflammation localized response to injury or destruction of tissues
laceration torn, jagged wound
diarrhea frequent flow of loose or watery stool
hyper prefix meaning excessive or increase
acute describes disease with rapid onset and relatively short duration
dys bad, difficult, or painful
abdominocentesis a surgical puncture into the abdomen to remove fluid
algia suffix meaning pain and suffering
plasty suffix meaning surgical repair
colostomy surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
hemorrhage loss of large amount of blood in a short time
triage medical screening to determine the priority of treatment
viral pertaining to a virus
arteriosclerosis abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
otomy suffix meaning a surgical incision
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
rrhea suffix meaning flow or discharge
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix
gastralgia pain in the stomach
prognosis prediction of probable course and outcome of a disorder
rrhexis suffix meaning rupture
syndrome a set of signs and symptoms that occur together
ostomy suffix meaning surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface
myel spinal cord
osis abnormal condition or disease
cyte cell
cardi heart
cardiac pertaining to the heart
path disease
ology study of
ot/o ear
rhin/o nose
laryng throat
arteri/o atery
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
nat birth
illium hip bone
ileum last and longest portion of intestine
palpation examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
palpitation pounding or racing heart
Created by: sking27