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sentences parts

TermDefinition
Simple subject -The "who" or "what" of the verb -ex:The DOG with spots likes to bark loudly -must be noun,pronoun,gerund,or infinitive -can never be in a prepoostitional phrase -THERE and HERE are never the subject of a sentence - The subject can be an "understood
Complete subject -simple subject plus its modifiers -ex: THE DOG WITH SPOTS likes to bark loudly -Dependent clauses modifying the subject are part of the complete subject of the independent clause.(THE DOG THAT HAS SPOTS likes to bark)
Simple predicate/verb -transitive verb (vt): takes a direct object (we LOVE English)
Complete Predicate (underlined twice) - Verb plus its modifiers -The dog with spots LIKES TO BARK LOUDLY - Dependent clauses modifying the verb are part of the complete predicate of the independent clause.( The dog LIKES TO BARK WHEN I'M ASLEEP.)
Appositive (app) -noun or pronoun that follows and renames another noun or pronoun - My son BECK likes trains.
Appositive phrase( app ph) - noun or pronoun (along with modifiers) that follows and renames another noun or pronoun -Ansley, MY DAUGHTER , loves to dance
Prepositional phrase (prep ph) -Group of words beginning with prepostional and ending with noun or pronoun - Can act as adjective (I want a room WITH A VIEW) or adverb ( His house is ON THE LAKE) - Must be next to noun or pronoun it modifies
Object of preposition (op) -follows preposition and tells "what?" or "whom?' The key is under the rug. "under what?" rug (object of preposition) -If there's no object, it's not a preposition: pLease stand UP. (UP is an adverb)
Noun of direct address (nda) - person being spoken to in a sentence - MOM, I'm hungry. Go clean your room, REBEKAH.
Infinitive phrase(inf ph) -Infinitive plus it's modifiers and objects - He likes TO EAT PEPPERONI PIZZA
Object of infinitive (obh inf) -Follows infinitive and tells "what?" -I want to eat pizza. "To eat what?"pizza(object of infinitive)
Gerund phrase(ger ph) -gerund plus it modifiers and objects -WRITING LONG ESSAYS can be fun.
Participle phrase -participle plus it modifiers and objects -RUNNING DOWN THE HALL, he bumped into the principle
Created by: 22wilsonec
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