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ch 17 & 18

A&P 2 female reproductive system & obstetrics

QuestionAnswer
external female genitalia consists of mons, pubis, labia majora, labis minora, clitoris, vestibule, vaginal orifice, bartholins glands, perineum
external genitalia is referred to as the vulva or pudenum
fatty tissue that covers and cushions the symphysis pubis mons pubis
two folds of fatty tissue extending from the mons pubis to the perineum labia majora
two this folds of skin located within the labia majora labia minora
where the labia minora comes togwther at the lower edge of the vaginal opening fourchette
oval-shaped area between the labia minora that contains the urinary meatus, vaginal orifice and bartholins glands vestibule
thin layer of elastice connective tissue membrane that forma a boarder around the outer opening of the vagina hymen
muscular, fibrous tissue between the vaginal opening and anus that supports the organs of the pelvis perineum
internal female genitalia consist of vagina, uterus, Fallopian tubes, ovaries
muscular tube that connects the uterus with the vulva; serves as a passage during chidbirth vagina
pear-shaped hollow organ that houses the fertilized ovum uterus
three portions of the uterus fundus; body; cervix
stretchable folds that line the vaginal wall rugae
outermost membrane of the uterus perimetrium
middle muscular layer of the uterus myometrium
inner, highly vascular layer of the uterus endometrium
separates the body of the uterus from the cervix internal cervical os or internal os
lower end of the cervical canal that opens to the vagina external cerivcal os or external os
serve as a passageway for the ova from the ovary to the uterus fallopian tube
small hairlike projections that line the fallopian tube cilia
fingerlike projects at end of fallopian tube fimbriae
female sex cells; gonads ovaries
ovaries are resposible for producing mature ovum; and estrogen production
the releasing of ova at monthly intervals is called ovulation
breasts are responsible for lactation
breast tissue consists of adipose tissue; glandular tissue and connective tissue
glands that responsible for keeping nipple soft during breastfeeding Montgomerys glands
milk travels through these ducts towards the nipple laciferous ducts
acute or chronic inflammation of the cerivx that could lead to cerivcal erosion cervicitis
herniation of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina cystocele
presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus endometriosis
benign fibrous tumor of the uterus fibroid tumor
infection of the fallopian tubes PID
PID stands for pelvic inflammatory disease
infection of the fallopian tubes is also known as salpingitis
inability to hold urine when the bladder is stressed stress incontinence
inflammation of the vagina and vulva vaginitis
BSE breast self examination
visual exam of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope colposcopy
surgical removal of a cone shaped segment of the cerivx cone biopsy
destruction of tissue using liquid nitrogen cryosurgery
process of measuring the pelvis to determine adequacy for child bearing pelvimetry
term pregnancy 37-42 weeks
fertilization takes places in the fallopian tube
the first two weeks of fertilization the ovum is referred to as a zygote
2-8 weeks gestation is referred to as an embryo
8 weeks to delivery is referred to as fetus
strong, thin walled membranous sac that envelops and protects the fetus amniotic sac
organ of pregnancy that supplies fetal respiration, nutrition and excretion placenta
placenta produces what hormones HCG; estrogen; progesterone; HPL
lifeline between the mother and fetus umbilical cord
false labor braxton hicks
the outer membrane of the amniotic sac chorion
severe hypertension of pregnancy eclampsia
softening of the cervix Goodells sign
settling of the fetal head into the pelvis lightening
mask of pregnancy chloasma
the act of giving birth parturition
a woman who has given birth for the first time primigravida
formula to calculate the due date Nageles rule
Created by: clarevoyant1019