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Female Reproductive

The Vagina

QuestionAnswer
VAGINA MUSCULAR TUBE THAT CONNECTS THE UTERUS TO THE VULVA. 3 INCHES LONG, LINED WITH RUGAE.
RUGAE STRETCHABLE FOLDS THAT ALLOWS THE VAGINA TO EXPAND DURING CHILDBIRTH.
FUNCTION OF THE VAGINA BIRTH CANAL, PASSAGEWAY FOR MENSTRUAL FLOW, AND FEMALE ORGAN OF COITUS.
UTERUS SMALL PEAR SHAPED HOLLOW ORGAN, HOUSES FERTILIZED OVUM DURING PREGNANCY. HAS 3 LAYERS AND 3 PORTIONS.
FUNDUS FIRST PORTION OF UTERUS, DOME-SHAPED, AT THE TOP.
BODY SECOND PORTION OF UTERUS. WIDER, CENTRAL PORTION.
CERVIX THIRD PORTION OF UTERUS, NARROW NECK-LIKE PORTION AT THE BOTTOM.
PERIMETRIUM OUTERMOST LAYER OF UTERUS.
MYOMETRIUM MIDDLE MUSCULAR LAYER OF UTERUS.
ENDOMETRIUM INNER LAYER OF UTERUS; HIGHLY VASCULAR. BUILDS UP EVERY MONTH IN ANTICIPATION OF A FERTILIZED OVUM. SHEDS DURING CYCLE IF FERTILIZATION DOESN'T OCCUR.
FALLOPIAN TUBES PASSAGEWAY FOR OVUM FROM OVARY TO UTERUS. 2 TUBES, ONE ON EACH SIDE. ABOUT 5 INCHES LONG, AND LINED WITH CILIA.
CILIA HELP TO PROPEL THE OVUM FORWARD.
FIMBRIAE FINGER-LIKE PROJECTIONS AT THE OPEN END OF THE FALLOPIAN TUBES THAT DRAW THE OVUM IN.
HOW MANY DAYS DOES IT TAKE FOR THE OVUM TO REACH THE UTERUS AFTER IT HAS ENTERED THE FALLOPIAN TUBE? 5 DAYS
OVARIES FEMALE GONADS; ALMOND SHAPED ORGANS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING MUTURE OVA AND RELEASING THEM MONTHLY (OVULATION). HELD IN PLACE BY LIGAMENTS NEAR THE FIMBRAE OF THE TUBES.
WOMEN ARE BORN WITH HOW MANY OVA? ENOUGH FOR A LIFE TIME, APPROXIMATELY 700000.
HOW MANY OVA MATURE AND HAVE THE ABILITY TO BE FERTILIZED DURING A WOMENS REPRODUCTIVE YEARS? APPROXIMATELY 400.
BREASTS MAMMARY GLANDS. RESPONSIBLE FOR LACTATION. COMPOSED OF GLANDULAR TISSUE, ADIPOSE TISSUE, AND CONNECTIVE TISSUE. NOT PART OF REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM.
NIPPLE LOCATED IN THE CENTER OF THE BREASTS, CONSISTING OF ERECTILE TISSUE THAT IS ACTIVATED WHEN STIMULATED.
AREOLA DARKER, PIGMENTED AREA OF THE BREAST THAT SURROUNDS THE NIPPLES. ROUGH APPEARANCE DUE TO PRESENCE OF MONTGOMERY'S TUBULES.
MONTGOMERYS TUBULES SEBACEOUS GLANDS THAT ARE ONLY ACTIVE DURING PREGNANCY AND LACTATION. PRODUCES WAXY LIKE SUBSTANCE TO KEEP NIPPLES SOFT AND PREVENT CRACKING AND DRYING DURING BREASTFEEDING.
GLANDULAR TISSUE RADIATES TOWARDS THE NIPPLE. THERE ARE 15-20 GLANDULAR LOBES RESPONSIBLE FOR PRODUCING BREAST MILK.
LACTIFEROUS GLANDS BRING THE MILK FROM THE GLANDULAR TISSUE TOWARDS THE NIPPLE.
MENSTRUAL CYCLE OCCURS WITH PUBERTY. AVERAGE CYCLE IS 28 DAYS BUT CAN VARY. ALSO KNOWN AS MENSES.
MENARCH FIRST MENSES, HAPPENS USUALLY BETWEEN 11-15 YEARS OLD, BUT AS EARLY AS 9.
MENSES EVERY MONTH THE ENDOMETRIAL LINING PREPARES FOR A FERTILIZED OVUM. WHEN IT DOES NOT OCCUR, THE LINING IS SHED AND FLOWS FROM THE BODY.
AT WHAT POINT IN THE CYCLE DOES OVULATION OCCUR? MIDWAY, ABOUT 14 DAYS BEFORE LAST DAY OF LMP.
MENOPAUSE OCCURS AT ABOUT 52 YEARS OLD BUT CAN HAPPEN ANYTIME AFTER 40. AVERAGE WOMEN HAS A MENSTRUAL CYCLE ABOUT 35 YEARS UNTIL MENOPAUSE OCCURS.
WHEN IS A WOMAN DIAGNOSED WITH MENOPAUSE? WHEN A WOMAN DOES NOT GET HER MENSES FOR 12 CONSECUTIVE MONTHS. OVULATION AND ESTROGEN PRODUCTION STOPS.
AMENORRHEA ABSCENCE OF FLOW
DYSMENORRHEA PAINFUL FLOW
AUB ABNORMAL UTERINE BLEEDING. REFERS TO ABNORMAL FLOW (HEAVY), EXCESSIVE LENGTH OF DAYS BLEEDING, SPOTTING BETWEEN CYCLES, MENSES OCCURING SOONER THAN 21 DAYS. AKA; METRORRHAGIA OR MENORRHAGIA.
CERVICITIS ACUTE OR CHRONIC INFLAMMATION OF THE CERVIX. CAUSES BY TRICHOMONAS, CANDID ALBICANS, HOMOPHILES, VAGINALIS, CHLAMYDIA. TREATMENT IS ABX.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CERVICITIS S+S MAY INCLUDE THICK, FOUL SMELLING DISCHARGE, PELVIC PAIN, SCANT BLEEDING AFTER INTERCOURSE, ITCHING AND BURNING OF EXTERNAL GENETALIA.
CYSTOCELE HERNIATION OR DOWNWARD PROTRUSION OF THE URINARY BLADDER THROUGH THE WALL OF THE VAGINA.
ENDOMETRIOSIS PRESCENCE OF ENDOMETRIAL TISSUE OUTSIDE THE UTERUS.
HOW IS ENDOMETRIOSIS DIAGNOSED? IT IS DIAGNOSED THROUGH LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY. TREATMENT IS SYMPTOMATIC HYSTERECTOMY.
Created by: Kayla41799