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Pathophysiology and Disease Process

Polio The Polio virus affected thousands of people in the U.S. A vaccine was developed in 1952 that greatly reduced the incidence of the disease on a national scale.
Diabetes Mellitus Affects about 9% of the U.S population. It is categorized by chronic hyperglycemia and either a lack of insulin production or a resistance to insulin in a cellular level.
Smoking A history of smoking is a risk factor for coronary artery disease.
RICE Rest, Ice, Compression, and Evaluation
Sleep Apnea A condition that causes the trachea to narrow or close during sleep, which temporarily causes breathing to stop. It is a risk factor to CVA (Cerebrovascular Accident)
Lymphadema Following removal of lymph tissue, lymphadema can cause tissue on the affected side to swell with fluid, due to inhibited re absorption by the lymphatic system.
Contrast Media Is used to highlight the inner contours of the body structures and to enhance visibility for diagnostic imaging of less-dense body structures.
Gout Is a musculoskeletal disorder caused by a buildup of uric acid in the joints, primarily the big toes and the knees. Risk factors include dietary choices that result in the overproduction or improper elimination of uric acid from the body.
Colorectal Cancer Risk factors for colorectal cancer include a low-fiber, high-fat diet or familt history; being55 years of age or older.
Chronic Hypertension Chronic Hypertension can lead to weakness in the left ventricles of the heart. This weakness in the heart can progress to CHF when the ventricle fails.
Osteoporosis Is defined as a loss of bone density. This condition has a variety of causes, including a lack of calcium intake. Osteoporosis is most commonly identified through a bone density scan.
Hiatal hernia Occurs when part of the top of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm. Risk factors for a hiatal hernia include middle age and obesity.
Pandemic A pnademic is an outbreak of a rapidly spreading novel infection that affects a large number of people across several countries or continents.
Smallpox The development of the first vaccine was a result of a smallpox pandemic in the 18th century.
Created by: castro_22