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Male Reproductive

A&P 2 Ch 16 Male Reproductive system

Cowpers gland pea sized glands located under the prostate; provide lubrication during intercoarse
testicles primary organ; produce sperm and testosterone
scrotum sac that contains the testicles
spermatic chord suspends the testicles within the scrotum, contains blood vessels, nerves, lymphatic vessels and vas deferens
testosterone male hormone that is responsible for secondary sex characteristics
seminiferous tubules found in the testes, produce sperm and testosterone
epididymis located on top of the testes; sperm mature here becoming more motile and fertile
seminal vesicles secrete seminal fluid
prostate gland located below the bladder; secretes a substance that increases the motility of sperm and neutralizes the vaginal secretions
urethra transports the sperm outside of the penis
ejaculatory duct located on each side of the prostate and merges with the urethra
semen combination of sperm and various secretion
glans penis tip of the penis
prepuce foreskin; loose retractable skin that covers the tip of the penis
perineum area of skin between the scrotum and anus
prostatectomy removal of the prostate gland
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy; overgrowth of the prostate tissue
anorchism absence of one or both testicles
balanitis inflammation of the glans penis
cyptorchidism undescended testicles
epispadias congenital defect where the urethra opens on the upper side of the penis
orchitis inflammation of the testes
hydrocele accumulation of fluid within the scrotal sac
hypospadias congenital defect where the urethra opens on the under side of the penis
impotence inability to sustain or obtain an erection
varicocele abnormal dilitation of the spermatic chord
castration surgical removal of the tetes
orchidectomy surgical removal of the testicle
circumcision surgical removal of foreskin
vasectomy surgical procedure that cuts and ties the vas deferns, prevent sperm from entering semen
syphillis bacterial infection is treated with PCN G
the three stages of syphillis primary, secondary tertiary
primary syphillis characterized by small, painless, red pustules on the skin; highly contagious and appears within 10 days of exposure
secondary syphillis occurs 2 months after exposure; presents as a rash on palms of hands and soles of feet
tertiary syphillis may present 2-7 years later; can lead to life threatening disorders of the brain, spinal cord and heart
gonorrhea bacterial STD; greenish-yellow discharge; dysuria
genital herpes viral STD; no cure. presents as vesicles that rupture and ulcerate.
genital warts small, cauliflower like growths on the penis. caused by HPV
chlamydia bacterial STD that causes urethritis and epididymitis
gonad male sex glands; testes
epididymectomy surgical removal of the epididymis
ejaculation process of expelling semen from the male urethra
andropause change of life for men, decrease in male hormones occurring in late 40's.
Created by: clarevoyant1019