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Anatomy term

Anatomy vocabulary

Anatomy is the study of structures or body parts and their relationships to on another
gross anatomy macroscopic
histology microscopic
anatomical position body is erect, feet together, palms face forward and the thumbs point away from the body
superior means the part is above another or closer to head (cranial)
Anterior (ventral) means towards the front (the eyes are anterior to the brain
Medial relates to the imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves (the nose is medial to eyes)
lateral means to words the side with respect to the imaginary midline (the ears are lateral to the eyes)
Ipsilateral the same side (the spleen and descending colon are ipsilateral)
Contralateral refers to the opposite (the spleen and gallbladder are contralreal
proximal is used to describe a part that is closer to the trunk of the body or closer to another specified point of references than another part ( the elbow is proximal to the wrist)
Distal it means that a particular body part is farther from the trunk or father from another specified point of reference than another part (fingers are distal to the wrist )
Superficial means situated near the surface
Peripheral also means outward or near the surfaces
Deep is used to describe part are more internal
Regional terms
axial parts head neck and trunk
appendicular parts includes the limbs which are attached to the body's axis
levels of organizations particles--- atoms---molecule---macromolecule----organelle---cell--tissue---organ--organ system---organisms
body organizations
body cavities hollow spaces within the body that contain internal organs
the dorsal cavity Located toward the back of the body, is divided into the cranial cavity (which holds the brain) and the vertebral/spinal cavity (which holds the spinal cord)
The ventral located toward the front of the body is divided into abdominopelvic cavity and thoracic cavity by the
Created by: jcol