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Brain Anatomy

Basic Neuroanatomy

TermDefinition
Frontal lobe associated with reasoning, motor skills, higher level cognition, and expressive language
Motor cortex receives information from various lobes of the brain and utilizes this information to carry out body movements
Parietal lobe associated with processing tactile sensory information such as pressure, touch, and pain
Somatosensory cortex essential to the processing of the body's senses
Primary auditory cortex important for interpreting sounds and the language we hear
Temporal lobe associated with memory, speech perception, and language skills
Occipital lobe associated with interpreting visual stimuli and information
Primary visual cortex receives and interprets information from the retinas of the eyes
Hippocampus plays a critical role in the formation, organization, and storage of new memories, including associated sensations/emotions
Midbrain relay station for auditory and visual information
Medulla controls vital autonomic functions such as heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure
Pons connects the medulla to the cerebellum; stimulates breathing and controls sleep cycles
Cerebellum controls posture, balance, coordination of voluntary movements, and certain cognitive functions including speech
Thalamus processes and transmits movement and sensory information
Hypothalamus controls hunger, thirst, emotions, body temperature regulation, and circadian rhythms
Limbic system controls emotional responses
Basal ganglia a group of large nuclei that partially surround the thalamus, important in the control of movement
Created by: ldh001