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Vital Signs RD

telemetry unit "step down" from ICU
crash cart A cart carrying the supplies needed for immediate treatment of a heart attack
congestive heart failure A condition in which a weakened heart is unable to pump all of the blood out of the lungs each time it beats. Blood pools at the bottom of the lungs, interfering with breathing
stethoscope A device that amplifies sound, used by doctors and other health-care professionals to listen to the heart and to take blood pressure
endotracheal tube A device that is inserted into the airway of a client about to receive a general anesthetic or anaesthetic
sphygmomanometer A device used to take blood pressure
emphysema A disease characterized by gradual destruction of the alveoli; which diffuse from larger air spaces. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide through these larger air sacs is inadequate
asthma A disease that affects the air passages in the lung, causing wheezing and shortness of breath
atrial fibrillation An abnormality of the heart rhythm in which chambers of the heart no longer beat in synchrony, with the atrium beating much faster than the ventricles. The heart rate is fast and irregular
pneumonia An acute infection of the tissues of the lung
tracheostomy An artificial airway through an incision in the trachea
height and weight Anthropometric measurements
chronic obstructive lung disease/chronic pulmonary disease Any chronic lung condition in which the flow of expired air is slowed down
suctioning Applying negative pressure to remove mucus, phlegm and other secretions from airways
atherosclerosis Arteriosclerosis because of deposits of fat in arterial walls
physiotherapist Assesses patients, devise deep breathing exercises
arterial blood gases Assessment is done on a client to determine the amounts of oxygen and carbon dioxide dissolved in the blood
sputum specimen Consists of mucous secretions, NOT saliva, from the airways, lungs or throat
cerebrovascular accident/cerebral vascular accident Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is diminished or occluded completely
myocardial infarction Damage to the heart caused by a blockage in one of the coronary arteries, cutting of blood supply to part of the heart
dyspnea Difficulty breathing
pacemaker Electronic device that regulates the heartbeat
hypertension or high blood pressure Excessive force of the blood against the vessel walls as the heart pumps it through the body
bradycardia Extremely slow heartbeat
oxygen therapy For clients who, for any reason do not have enough oxygen in their blood
arteriosclerosis Hardening of the arteries; reduces blood flow
temperature Heat is produced by the body as it uses the food needed to maintain normal body functions
vital signs Important measurements of the body's state of health
hypoxia Insufficient oxygen in blood or tissue
deep suctioning Introducing the suction catheter into the lower trachea and bronchi; AKA endotracheal suctioning
hemorrhage Loss of a large amount of blood
arrhythmia Loss of normal rhythm of the heartbeat
pulse oximetry Method used by nurses and respiratory therapists to determine oxygen levels in red blood cells in the arterial blood
rhonchi or wheezes Musical-pitches sounds produced by air passing through narrowed bronchi heard on auscultation of the lungs
"call the arrest" Notifying the appropriate people
respiration One full cycle of breathing
postural drainage Positioning the client with the head lower than the body so that gravity can help drain the mucus and secretions
thoracocentesis Procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lining of the outside of the lungs and wall of the chest
nurse Provide ongoing assessment and feedback about a client's oxygenation status
vibrations Rapid movements of flattened hands over the client's chest to move secretions
extubate Remove the endotracheal tube
inhalation therapy Selected medications to be delivered by a mask to the client, often to treat asthma
crepitation or crackles Sounds produced by air passing over airway secretions
endotracheal/deep suction Type of deep suctioning
oropharyngeal suctioning Suctioning with a catheter through the mouth to reach the mouth only or the mouth and the back of the throat
nasopharyngeal suctioning Suctioning with a catheter through the nose to reach the mouth and throat
essential hypertension The cause of the increased pressure is idiopathic
blood pressure The force that the blood exerts of the arterial walls
diastolic pressure The pressure of the vascular walls when the heart is relaxing
systolic pressure The pressure on the vascular walls when the heart is contracting
secondary hypertension The symptoms are always associated with diseases, such as glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, or diseases of the adrenal glands
telemetry monitor Traces heart's activity, readout displayed on small screen
humidifies Used for clients who are experiencing respiratory difficulties
clapping or percussion Using cupped hands to gently but firmly strike affected regions of the chest to move secretions
pulse When the heart contracts it forces blood throughout the body by the way of blood vessels
Created by: Jessica Longboat