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CHAPTER 4

Ms.Cabreras WHOLE BODY TERMINOLOGY

QuestionAnswer
SMALLEST, MOST NUMEROUS STRUCTURAL UNIT CELLS
GROUPS OF SIMILAR CELLS TISSUES
TISSUES ARRANGED TOGETHER TO PERFORM A PARTICULAR FUNCTION ORGANS
ORGANIZATION OF DIFFERENT ORGANS TO PERFORM FUNCTIONS OF THE WHOLE BODY BODY SYSTEMS
THE 3 TYPES OF MUSCLE TISSUES AND THEIR LOCATIONS SKELETAL(ATTACHED TO BONE), SMOOTH(IN WALLS OF HOLLOW INTERNAL ORGANS), AND CARDIAC (MUSCULAR WALL OF HEART)
THE STUDY(SCIENCE) OF THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF THE BODY AND ITS ORGANS ANATOMY
THE STUDY OF (SCIENCE) THE FUNCTION OF CELLS, TISSUES, AND ORGANS OF THE BODY. PHYSIOLOGY
CONDITION THAT EXISTS WHEN THE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT IS FUNCTIONING PROPERLY AND ALL THE ORGANS AND TISSUES OF THE BODY ARE PERFORMING THEIR APPROPRIATE TASKS. HOMEOSTASIS
THE STUDY OF MECHANISMS BY WHICH THE DISEASE OCCURS, THE RESPONSE TO THE DISEASE PROCESS AND THE EFFECTS OF BOTH ON NORMAL FUNCTION PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
STUDY OF STRUCTURES THAT CAN BE INSPECTED WITH THE NAKED EYE GROSS ANATOMY
CYTOLOGY THE STUDY OF CELLS
HISTOLOGY THE STUDY OF TISSUES
WHAT ARE ANATOMICAL POSITIONS USED FOR? TO DESCRIBE THE EXACT LOCATION WHEN CHARTING, THE BODY IS DIVIDED INTO IMAGINARY LINES.
THE ANATOMICAL POSITION WHEN THE PATIENT IS STANDING ERECT WITH THE ARMS DOWN AT THE SIDES AND THE PALMS OF THE HANDS FACING FORWARDS.
DIVIDES THE BODY INTO UNEQUAL RIGHT AND LEFT HALVES SAGITTAL PLANE
DIVIDES THE BODY INTO EQUAL RIGHT AND LEFT HALVES MIDSAGITTAL
DIVIDES THE BODY INTO UPPER AND LOWER HALVES TRANSVERSE PLANE
DIVIDES THE BODY INTO FRONT AND BACK FRONTAL OR CORONAL PLANE
TOWARDS THE MIDLINE MEDIAL
AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE LATERAL
NEAREST POINT OF ATTACHMENT PROXIMAL
FARTHEST FROM POINT OF ATTACHMENT DISTAL
ABOVE(TRANSVERSE PLANE) SUPERIOR
BELOW(TRANSVERSE PLANE) INFERIOR
TOWARDS THE HEAD CRANIAL
TOWARDS THE FEET CAUDAL
CAVITY TOWARD THE BACK THAT CONTAINS THE SPINAL, AND CRANIAL CAVITIES POSTERIOR/DORSAL
THORACIC CAVITY CONTAINS THE HEART, AORTA, LUNGS, TRACHEA, AND ESOPHAGUS
CAVITY TOWARDS THE FRONT THAT CONTAINS THORACIC, ABDOMINAL, AND PELVIC CAVITIES ANTERIOR/VENTRAL
HOUSES THE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS PELVIC CAVITY
3 SMALL ADDITIONAL CAVITIES BUCCAL(MOUTH), NASAL(NOSE), ORBITAL(EYE).
DIVIDES THE ANTERIOR CAVITY INTO UPPER THORACIC CAVITY AND A LOWER ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY DIAPHRAGM
CERVICAL SPINAL COLUMN C1-C7
THORACIC SPINAL COLUMN T1-T12
LUMBAR SPINAL COLUMN L1-L5
SACRUM SPINAL COLUMN 5 BONES THAT FUSE INTO 1
COCCYX SPINAL COLUMN 4 BONES FUSED INTO 1
2 WAYS TO DIVIDE THE SECTIONS OF THE ABDOMEN QUADRANTS AND REGIONS.
TOP 3 REGIONS OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY HYPOCHONDRIAC, EPIGASTRIC, HYPOCHONDRIAC
MIDDLE 3 REGIONS OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY LUMBAR REGION, UMBILICAL REGION, LUMBAR REGION
BOTTOM 3 REGIONS OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY ILIAC, HYPOGASTRIC, ILIAC
THE 4 QUADRANTS (URQ) UPPER RIGHT QUAD, (ULQ) UPPER LEFT QUAD, (LRQ) LOWER RIGHT QUAD, (LLQ) LOWER LEFT QUAD.
EPIGASTRIC ABOVE THE STOMACH
LATERAL ON SIDE
SUPINE LAYING FACING UPWARD
MEDIOLATERAL PERTAINING TO MIDLINE OF STRUCTURE.
PRONE LAYING FACE DOWN
SUPERFICIAL PERTAINING TO THE SURFACE OF THE BODY, OR NEAR THE SURFACE.
DORSAL PERTAINING TO THE BACK/POSTERIOR
NEW AND ABNORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF CELLS THAT MAY BE BENIGN OR MALIGNANT NEOPLASIA
A DEVELOPMENTAL FAILURE RESULTING IN THE ABSENCE OF ANY ORGAN OR TISSUE APLASIA
AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CELLS OF A BODY PART HYPERPLASIA
PERTAINING TO THE SOLE OR BOTTOM OF FEET PLANTAR
2 NAMES FOR BELLYBUTTON NAVEL, UMBILICUS
A CHANGE IN THE STRUCTURE AND ORIENTATION OF CELLS, CHARACTERIZED BY A LOSS OF DIFFERENTIATION TO A MORE PRIMITIVE FORM ANAPLASIA
ANY ABNORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF TISSUES DYSPLASIA
INCOMPLETE OR UNDERDEVELOPED ORGAN OR TISSUE, USUALLY THE RESULT OF A DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF CELLS HYPOPLASIA
VISCAL PERTAINING TO INTERNAL ORGANS
ABDOMINAL CAVITY CONTAINS... STOMACH, LIVER, SPLEEN, INTESTINES, KIDNEYS, GALLBLADDER, PANCREAS
THORACIC CAVITY CONTAINS... LUNGS,HEART, AORTA, ESOPHAGUS, AND TRACHEA( WINDPIPE)
Created by: Kayla41799