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Respiratory RD

cystic fibrosis A hereditary disease of the exocrine glands affecting the respiratory system, pancreas and sweat glands
rhoncus Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation
crackle Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, also called rale
anosmia Absence the sense of smell
pertussis Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound
tuberculosis (TB) An infectious disease caused by inhaling viable tubercle bacilli, aka acid-fast bacillus
pneumonia An inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, disease, chemicals, etc.
antihistamines Block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues
atelectasis Collapsed or airless state of the lung, may be acute or chronic
palatine tonsils Collection of lymphatic tissue within the oropharynx
asphyxia Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
pneumoconiosis Disease caused by inhaling dust particles
compliance Ease with which lung tissue can be stretched
pleural effusion Excess of fluid in the pleural cavity
pneumectormy Excision of a lung
pleurectomy Excision of part of the pleura
viscous Extremely thick
stridor High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound
thoracic (chest) x-ray Images of the chest taken from AP, PA and lateral views
pleurisy Inflammation of the pleural membrane
mantoux test Intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity
sweat test Measurement of the amount of salt in sweat used to diagnose CF
spirometry Measurement of ventilator ability by assessing lung capacity and flow
oximetry Method of monitoring in the percent of Hb saturated with O2
diffuse Moving or spreading out of a substance at random
pulmonary function tests Multiple tests used to evaluate the ability of lungs to take in and expel air
epistaxis Nose bleed
lung scan Nuclear scanning test primarily used to detect pulmonary emboli
postural drainage Positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs
antitussives Relieve or suppress coughing
bronchospasms Spasms in the bronchial passage
bronchodilators Stimulate bronchial muscles to relax and expand air passages
thoracentesis Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity
carbon dioxide Tasteless, colourless, odourless gas produced by body cells during the metabolic process
oxygen Tasteless, odourless, colourless gas essential for human respiration
apnea Temporary loss of breathing
aterial blood gases Test that measures PO2, PCO2, pH and bicarbonate level of an arterial blood sample
throat culture Test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci
visceral pleura The innermost layer lying next to the lung
parietal pleura The outermost layer, lining the lung
percussion The process of gently tapping with the fingers to determine position, size or consistency of an underlying structure
auscultation The process of listening to body sounds, especially in the chest, with the use of a stetoscope
oxygenation The process of providing the body with adequate amounts of oxygen
pharynx Throat
alive Viable
laryngoscopy Visual examination of the mediastinal structures
mediastinoscopy Visual examination of the mediastinal structures
larynx Voice box
wheeze Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation
trachea Windpipe
Created by: Jessica Longboat