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Chapter 35

Administering Medications

TermDefinition
Aqueous Water like substance; medication prepared with water
Asymptomatic Without symptoms of a disease process
Bevel Angled tip of a needle
Bronchoconstriction Narrowing of the bronchiole tubes
Edema Accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces of tissues
Hermetically Sealed Sealed so that no air can enter
Immunosuppressant Substance that suppresses or prevents an immune system response
Immunotherapy Administration of repeated injections of diluted extracts of a substance that causes an allergy; also called desensitization
Induration An abnormally hard inflamed area
Loading Dose Large dose administered as the first dose of a medication; it usually is used in antibiotic therapy to quickly achieve therapeutic blood levels of the drug
Meniscus Curved surface of liquid in a container
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein w/ the possible complication of clot formation at the site (thrombophlebitis)
Polyuria Excretion of an unusually large amount of urine
Scored Slashed (indentation on a tablet for division through the center
Vasodilation Increase in diameter of a blood vessel
Viscosity Quality of being thick and of lacking the capability of easy movement
Volatile Capable of vaporizing at a low temperature, such as an explosive substance
Wheal a localized area of edema or a raised lesion
Hypo Hypodermic
Intramuscular IM (90 degree angles)
Subcutaneous SQ (45 degree angles)
Intradermal ID (10 to 15 degree angles)
Intravenous IV (15 degree angles)
QID Four times a day
PRN Given as needed
STAT Immediately
Hub Plastic connector base for the needle
Syringe Needle units are chosen according to the amount to be injected and the viscosity of the solution; the greater the viscosity, the wider the needle lumen size
EpiPen An automatic injector system that contains a dose of epinephrine; must have a physician order it is used by a patient who have anaphylactic reactions
The Right Patient Can be accomplished by addressing the patient by his or her name
The Right Drug Clarify the physicians order. Always compare the physicians written order with medication label when you, take medication from storage area, dispense medication from container, replace container to storage or before discarding used container
The Right Dose If the ordered dose doesn't match the dose according to the drug label, perform pharmacology math to determine the accurate dose. If in doubt, have your calculations checked.
The Right Route Check the physicians order to determine the route of administration (oral, via the mucous membrane, or parenteral)
The Right Time Most medications are ordered stat in the ambulatory setting. Check the physicians order to clarify the time intended to take the medication. Refer back to the notes to clarify instructions on home administration
The Right Technique The M.A. must be familiar with all techniques of administering medication. If in doubt, seek help.
The Right Documentation Immediately document medication (strength, dose), route, time and date. Record any reactions patient has to the medication. For parenteral meds, check the site of injection for signs of a problem with absorption. Record the exact site of administration
Hs Bedtime
Parenteral Administration The injection of medication
Tablets
Capsules
Lozenges (troches)
Caplets
Syrups
Suspensions
Emulsion
Gels/Magmas
Fluid Extract
Tinctures
Extracts
Elixirs
The most commonly used mucous membranes for medication administration
Medical preparations may be applied to these areas for localized effects
Skin medication forms
Ampule
Single Dose Vial
Multi-Dose Vial
Pre-filled Syringe
Different parts of a syringe include
Deltoid Site
Vastus Lateralis (Thigh) Site
Dorsogluteal (Gluteus Medius) Site
Ventrogluteal (Gluteus Medius) Site
Isotonic Solutions
Hypertonic Solutions
Hypotonic Solutions
Created by: ItsRainbowBre