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Cardio RD

Angioplasty Any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels
Cardioversion Applying controlled electrical shock to the exterior of the chest
DVT (deep vein thrombosis) Blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body
Thrombosis Blood clot that obstructs a vessel
Bicuspid valve Blood passes from the left atrium to the left ventricle; aka mitral valve
Pulmonary artery Carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
Pulmonary vein Carries oxygenated blood back to the heart from the lungs
Beta-blockers Causes a decrease of heart rate and contractility
Inferior vena cava Collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the lower portion to the right atrium
Superior vena cava Collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the top portion to the right atrium
Varicose veins Condition which develops when the valves of the veins are damaged
Hypertension Consistently elevated blood pressure
Hypotension Decreased blood pressure
Thrombolysis Destruction of a blood clot
Catheter ablation Destruction of conductive tissue of the heart
Necrosis Destruction of tissue
Stent Devised used to hold open blood vessels
Nitrates Dilate blood vessels of the heart
Holter monitor ECG recording system capable of storing 24-28 hours of tracings
Pericardium Fibrous sac which encloses the heart
Atherosclerosis Form of ateriosclerosis characterized by deposits of plaque in the arteries
Arteriosclerosis Hardening and narrowing of an artery
Arrhythmia Inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm
Insufficiency Inability of the valves to close properly
Valvotomy Incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening
Diuretics Increase secretion of water and sodium
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein
Endocardium Innermost layer of the heart
Angina Intermittent chest pain
MI (myocardial infarction) Life-threatening condition characterized by necrosis in the myocardium
Ischemia Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply
Aneurysm Localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel
Tricuspid valve Located between the right atrium and right ventricle
ACE inhibitors Lowers blood pressure
Statins Lowers cholesterol
Embolism Mass lodged in a blood vessel
Myocardium Muscular layer of the heart
Coarctation Narrowing of a vessel
Infarction Necrosis of tissue following cessation of blood supply
Epicardium Outermost layer of the heart
Cardiac catheterization Passage of a catheter into the heart
Pulmonic valve Prevents backflow of blood into the right ventricle
Laser ablation Procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins
Palpitation Sensation that the heart is not beating normally
Lipid panel Series of tests used to asses risk of ischemic heart disease
Bruit Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation
Systole The contraction phase of the heart
Diastole The relaxation phase of the heart
Doppler U/S Ultrasound that assesses different areas of the heart
Echocardiogram Ultrasound used to visualize internal cardiac structures
Created by: Jessica Longboat