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cardio reverse defs

cardiovascular reverse definitions

QuestionAnswer
heart__ hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the arteries, capillaries, and veins
shunt_ passage between two blood vessels or between two sides of the heart
arteriole a small artery
venule a small vein
tricuspid valve A valve with three cusps, located between the right atrium and right ventricle, which allows blood to pass into the right ventricle
bicuspid valve (mitral) a valve with two cusps, through which blood passes from the left atrium to the left ventricle. Also known as the mitral valve
vein A vessel that carries deoxygenated blood to the heart from the body organs and tissues .
artery A vessel the carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to body tissues and organs
thrombosis abnormal condition of a blood clot in the blood vessel and obstructs it at the site of its formation
diuretics act on kidneys to increase excretion of water and sodium
aortography angiography of the aorta and its branches after injection of a contrast medium
coronary angiography Angiography that is used to determine the degree of stenosis or obstruction of the arteries that supply blood to the heart
PTCA-(percutaneous transluminal coronaryangioplasty) Angioplasty of the coronary arteries in which a balloon catheter is inserted through the skin into the right femoral artery and threaded to the site of the stenosis to enlarge the lumen of the artery and restore forward blood flow
CAD-Coronary Artery Disease Any disease which alters the ability of the coronary artery to deliver the amount of blood that is required by the heart muscle
angioplasty Any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward blood flow
bradycardia Arrhythmia in which the heart beats abnormally slowly, usually fewer than 60 beats per minute in a resting adult
tachycardia Arrhythmia in which there is a fast but regular rhythm, with the heart possibly beating up to 200 beats/minute
fibrillation Arrhythmia in which there is an abnormally rapid, uncoordinated quivering of the myocardium that can affect the atria or the ventricles
heart block Arrhythmia in which there is interference with the normal transmission of electric impulses from the SA node to the Purkinje fibers
regurgitation Backflow or ejecting of contents through an opening
calcium channel blockers Block movement of calcium into myocardial cells and arterial walls, causing heart rate and blood pressure to decrease