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RASMUSSEN MOD 10

ENDOCRINE AND HORMONES

QuestionAnswer
GROWTH HORMONE RH SECRETED BY: HYPOTHALAMUS. TARGET: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. ACTION: RELEASE GROWTH HORMONE
GONADOTROPIN RH SECRETED BY: HYPOTHALAMUS. TARGET: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. ACTION: RELEASE LUTEINIZING HORMONE (LH) RELEASE FOLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE (FSH)
CORTICOTROPIN RH SECRETED BY: HYPOTHALAMUS. TARGET: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. ACTION: RELEASE ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE (ACTH)
THYROTOPIN RH SECRETED BY: HYPOTHALAMUS. TARGET: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. ACTION: RELEASE THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH)
DOPAMINE PRODUCED IN : VARIOUS AREAS OF THE BRAIN. TARGET: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. ACTION: RELEASE PROLACTIN
ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE (ADH) SECRETED BY: HYPOTHALAMUS. TARGET: POSTERIOR PITUITARY. ACTION: INFLUENCE KIDNEYS TO REABSORB WATER —STORED IN THE POSTERIOR PITUITARY UNTIL NEEDED
OXYTOCIN SECRETED BY: HYPOTHALAMUS. TARGET: POSTERIOR PITUITARY. ACTION: STIMULATE UTERINE CONTRACTIONS & SOCIAL BONDING. STORED IN THE POSTERIOR PITUITARY UNTIL IT IS NEEDED. NOTE: EXAMPLE OF POSITIVE FEED BACK LOOP
GROWTH HORMONE GH SECRETED BY: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. TARGET: NEARLY ALL BODY CELLS. ACTION: STIMULATE GROWTH & CELL REGENERATION
THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE SECRETED BY: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. TARGET: THYROID GLAND. ACTION: STIMULATE RELEASE OF TRIIODOTHYRONINE (T3) & THYROXINE (T4)
ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE (ACTH) SECRETED BY: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. TARGET: ADRENAL GLAND. ACTION: STIMULATE HORMONE RELEASE BY ADRENAL CORTEX
FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE (FSH) SECRETED BY: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. TARGET: GONADS. ACTION: STIMULATES GAMETE PRODUCTION. TESTES: PRODUCE SPERM. OVARIES: MATURES EGGS
LUTEINIZING HORMONE (LH) SECRETED BY: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. TARGET: GONADS. ACTION: STIMULATES ANDROGEN PRODUCTION. TESTES: TESTOSTERONE. OVARIES: ESTROGEN, PROGESTERONE & TRIGGERS OVULATION
PROLACTIN (PRL) SECRETED BY: ANTERIOR PITUITARY. TARGET: MAMMARY GLANDS. ACTION: PROMOTE MILK PRODUCTION
MELATONIN SECRETED BY: PINEAL GLAND. TARGET: NA ACTION: REGULATES SLEEP/WAKE CYCLE
TRIIODOTHYRONINE (T3) and THYROXING (T4) SECRETED BY: THYROID GLAND. TARGET: ALL CELLS IN THE BODY. ACTION: INCREASE METABOLISM THYROID HORMONE NEEDS IODINE TO BE FUNCTIONAL AND TO BE RECOGNIZED BY BODY CELLS
CALCITONIN SECRETED BY: THYROID GLAND. TARGET: BLOOD AND BODY CELLS. ACTION: REGULATE BLOOD CALCIUM LEVELS, BY DECREASING OSTEOCLAST ACTIVITY & STIMULATING CALCIUM INTO BONE TISSUE MATRIX
PARATHYROID HORMONE (PTH) SECRETED BY: PARATHYROID GLAND. TARGET: KIDNEYS, BONES, INTESTINES. ACTION: REGULATE BLOOD CALCIUM LEVELS INCREASE OSTEOCLAST ACTIVITY, INCREASE REABSORBTION OF CALCIUM IN KIDNEYS & INCREASE PRODUCTION OF VITAMIN D = INCREASE CALCIUM IN INTESTINE
INSULIN SECRETED BY: PANCREAS. TARGET: MUSCLE CELLS. ACTION: LOWER BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS
GLUCAGON SECRETED BY: PANCREAS. TARGET: LIVER. ACTION: RAISE BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS
MINERALOCORTICOIDS SECRETED BY: ADRENAL CORTEX. (ZONA GLOMERULOSE) TARGET: NA ACTION: REGULATING ELECTROLYTES. example Aldosterone. target: kidneys. action: increase BV & BP
GLUCOCORTICOIDS SECRETED BY: ADRENAL CORTEX. ( ZONA FASCICULATE) TARGET: NA ACTION: INFLUENCE METABOLISM OF ENERGY. example : Cortisol. target: body cells. action: formation of glucose
CATECHOLAMINES SECRETED BY: ADRENAL MEDULA. TARGET: HEART, SMOOTH MUSCLE, GLANDS. ACTION: FIGHT OR FLIGHT example: epinephrine/ adrenaline and norepinephrine/ noradrenaline
TESTOSTERONE SECRETED BY: PRIMARILY TESTES. TARGET: SEX ORGANS. ACTION: STIMULATES DEVELOPMENT OF SECONDARY CHARACTERISTICS AND SPERM PRODUCTION
ESTROGEN & PROGESTERONE SECRETED BY: PRIMARILY OVARIES. TARGET: SEX ORGANS. ACTION: STIMULATES DEVELOPMENT OF FEMALE SECONDARY CHARACTERISTICS AND PREPARATION FOR CHILDBIRTH
Created by: ANGELA.ROGERS1