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Ch 10 O Terms

Acquiring Medical Language

TermDefinition
atelectasis incomplete expansion
auscultation from Latin ausculto, meaning to listen; a doctor using a stethoscope is performing an auscultation
bronchiectasis expansion of the bronchi
bronchoscopy a procedure to look inside the bronchi
capnography a procedure to record carbon dioxide levels
capnometer instrument to measure carbon dioxide levels
caseous necrosis the death of tissue with a cheese like appearance
chylothorax chyle in the chest
computed tomography a recording procedure using a computer to "cut" or view "slices" of a patient's organs
cyanosis a bluish color in the skin caused by insufficient oxygen
empyema pus inside (the chest)
endoscope instrument used to look inside
hemothorax blood in the chest
hypercapnia condition of having excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
hypercarbia excessive carbon dioxide
hypocapnia insufficient carbon dioxide
hypocarbia insufficient carbon dioxide
hypoxemia insufficient oxygen in the blood
hypoxia insufficient oxygen
nasopharyngoscope an instrument to look and the nose and throat
oximetry a procedure to measure oxygen levels
pectoriloquy speaking from the chest; used as a means of finding masses in the lung
pectus carinatum a chest that protrudes like the keel of a ship
pectus excavatum a chest that is hollowed out
percussion the body surface; in this context, to cause vibrations that can help locate fluid build-up in the chest
phrenolplegia paralysis of the diaphragm
phrenoptosis drooping of the diaphragm
pleura effusion fluid pouring out into the pleura
pneumohemothroax air and blood in the chest
pneumothorax air in the chest
polysomnography recording multiple aspects of sleep
pulmonary angiography a procedure for recording pulmonary blood vessel activity
pulmonary edema swelling in the lungs
pulmonary function testing a group of tests used to evaluate the condition of the lungs
pyothorax pus in the chest
spirometry a procedure to measure breathing
thoracoscopy examination of the chest
tracheostenosis narrowing of the trachea
ventilation-perfusion scan a scan that tests whether a problem in the lungs is caused by airflow (ventilation) or blood flow (perfusion)
Created by: DarrinWan