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Ch 08 O Terms

Acquiring Medical Language

TermDefinition
anisocytosis condition characterized by a great inequality in the size of red blood cells
antibody substance produced by the body in response to an antigen
antigen substance that causes the body to produce antibodies
asplenia absence of a spleen or of spleen function
elliptocyte oval-shaped red blood cell
elliptocytosis condition characterized by an increase in the number of oval-shaped red blood cells
embolism blockage in a blood vessel caused by an embolus
embolus mass of matter present in the blood
erythrocyte red blood cell
erythrocytosis abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells
hematocrit test to judge or separate the blood; used to detmine the ratio of red blood cells to total blood volume
hematology study of the blood
hematopoiesis formation of blood cells
hemoglobin iron-containing pigment in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the cells
hemolysis breakdown of red blood cells
hepatosplenomegaly enlargement of the liver and spleen
hypoperfusion inadequate flow of blood
immunoglobulin protein that provides immunity again disease
immunologist specialist in the immune system
immunology study of the immune system
leukocyte white blood cell
leukocytosis increase in the number of white blood cells
leukopenia deficiency in white blood cells
lymphangiogram record of the study of lymph vessels
lymphangiography procedure to study the lymph vessels
lymphocyte lymph cell
lymphopenia abnormal deficiency in lymph
macrocytosis condition characterized by large red blood cells
microcytosis condition characterized by small red blood cells
myelopoiesis formation of the bone marrow
neutropenia deficiency in neutrophil
normocyte normal sized red blood cell
oligocythemia deficiency in the number of red blood cells
pancytopenia deficiency in all cellular components of the blood
perfusion circulation of blood through tissue
phagocytosis process in which phagocytes destroy or eat foreign microorganisms or cell debris
phlebology study of veins
phlebotomist specialist in drawing blood
phlebotomy incision into a vein (another name for drawing blood)
poikilocytosis condition characterized by red blood cells in a variety of shapes
polycythemia excess of red blood cells
reticulocyte immature red blood cell
sphereocyte red blood cell that assumes a spherical shape
sphygmomanometer device used to measure blood pressure
splenectomy surgical removal of the spleen
splenolysis breakdown (destruction) of spleen tissue
splenomalacia softening of the spleen
splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
splenoptosis downward displacement of the spleen
thrombocyte cell that helps blood clot (platelet)
thrombocytopenia deficiency in the number of platelets
thrombocytosis increase in the number of platelets
thromboembolism blockage of a vessel (embolism) caused by a clot that has broken off from where it formed
thrombogenic capable of producing a blood clot
thrombosis formation of a blood clot
thrombus blood clot
thymic hyperplasia overdevelopment of the thymus
Created by: DarrinWan