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AP NERVOUS SYSTEM

QuestionAnswer
What is a nerve cell called? Neuron
What part of the nerve cell transmits electrical impulses? Axon
What branched projections of the nerve cell receive impulses and stimuli? Dendrite
What is the fatty coating on a nerve cell? Myelin Sheeth
What is the largest part of the brain? Cerebrum
What is the record of the electrical activity of the brain? Electrocephalogram
What is the softening of the brain? Encephalomalacia
What is the inflammation of the meninges? Meningitis
What is the inflammation of the grey matter of the spinal cord? Poliomyelitis
What is the specialist in the study of dx and tx of nervous system disorders? Neurologist
What is the displacement of the meninges from their normal position? Meningocele
Decreased sensation Hypoesthesia
Xray beam that rotates around the patient, detailing the structure at various depths PET scan
PROCESS of recording the electrical impulses of the brain Electroencephalography
Tumor arising from immature nerve cells Neuroblastoma
Paralysis of either the right of left half of the body Hemiplegia
Paralysis of all 4 limbs Quadriplegia
Lack of a myelin sheath Demyelination
No speech Aphonia
Cereb Cerebrum
Encephal Brain
Hydr Water
Mening Meninges
Myel Spinal cord
Radicul Nerve root
My muscle
Tom to cut
electr electrical
blast immature cell
myelin myelin sheath
de lack of
polio grey
hemi half
tomy incision into
malacia softening
cele swelling/ herniation
esthesia feeling/ sensation
oma tumor
kinesia movement
phasia speech
plegia pain
ion action/ process
ACH acetylcholine
als amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
ans autonomic nervous system
cns central nervous system
cp cerebral palsy
csf cerebrospinal fluid
cva cerebrovascular accident/ stroke
dsm diagnostic & statistical manual of mental disorders
eeg electroencephalogram
em emmetropia
icp intracranial pressure
LP lumbar puncture/ spinal tap
MAO monoamine oxidase
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
NE norepinephrine
PET positron emission tomography
PNS peripheral nervous system
TIA transient ischemic attack
Syncope fainting
sciatica inflammation of the sciatic nerve
paraesthesia numbness
palliative soothing
occlusion blockage
neuritis inflammation of a nerve
The web-like middle layer of the meninges arachnoid
stem like portion of the brain that connects the cerebral hemispheres with the spinal cord brain stem
responsible for coordinating voluntary muscular movement cerebellum
controls consciousness, memory, sensations cerebrum
Located between the cerebrum and the midbrain (consists of the thalamus, hypothalamus, and the pineal gland) diecephalon
Outermost layer of the meninges dura mater
Contains the cardiac, vasomotor, and respiratory centers of the brain medulla oblongata
controls body temperature, sleep and appetite hypothalamus
acts as a bridge to connect the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum to the upper portions of the brain pons
a small hollow within the brain that is filled with cerebrospinal fluid ventricle
A noninvasive scanning procedure that provides a computer projected image of fluid, soft tissue, or bony structures MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Insertion of a hollow needle and stylet into the subarachnoid space by the 3rd and 4th lumbar Lumbar puncture
A 3 dimensional view of brain tissue obtained as Xray beams pass through successive horizontal layers of the brain CT scan
A positive finding in an adult represents upper motor neuron disease of the pyramidal tract Babinski's reflex
An evaluation of cerebellar function and balance Romburg's Test
Surgical removal of part of the vertebra Lamenectomy
Deterioration of a person's intellectual functioning which is progressive and extremely dibilatating Alzheimer's disease
A severe weakening and wasting of the involved muscle groups Amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
An absence of the brain and spinal cord at birth anencephaly
A temporary or permanent unilateral weakness or paralysis of the muscles in the face following trauma, an unknown infection, or a tumor pressing on the facial nerve rendering it paralyzed Bell's palsy
A localized accumulation of pus located anywhere in the brain brain abscess
A pinching or compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel due to inflammation carpal tunnel syndrome
A brief interruption of brain function usually with a loss of consciousness lasting for a few seconds cerebral concussion
A small scattered venous hemorrhage in the brain occurring when the brain strikes the inner skull cerebral contusion
A collective term used to describe congential (at birth) brain damage that is permanent but not progressive Cerebral palsy
Involved death of a specific portion of the brain tissue, resulting from a decrease of blood flow to that area of the brain (stroke) Cerebrovascular accident CVA
The deterioration of the intervertebral disk, usually due to constant motion degenerative disk
The inflammation of the brain largely caused by a virus that enters the CNS when the person experiences a viral disease such as measles or mumps encephalitis
A syndrome of recurring episodes of excessive irregular electrical activity of the brain resulting in seizures epilepsy
An epileptic seizure characterized by a sudden loss of consciousness and involuntary muscle contraction grand mal seizure
a small seizure which there is temporary but sudden loss of consciousness petit mal seizure
An acutre polyneuritis of the PNS in which the myelin sheaths on the axons are destroyed resulting in decreased nerve impulses which usually follows a viral gastrointestinal or respiratory infection Gullian-Barre syndrome
Headache cephalgia
A collection of blood above the dura mater Epidural hematoma
A collection of blood below the dura mater Subdural hematoma
Inherited neurological disease characterized by rapid jerky involuntary movements and increasing dementia due to the effects of the basal ganglia on the neurons Huntington's disease
An abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid CSF in the brain that causes the ventricles of the brain to dialate hydocephalus
Occur in any structural region of the brain, malignant or benign intracranial tumors
Arise from the gliomas, malignant glial cells that are a support for a nerve tissue and from tumors that arise from the meninges primary intracranial tumors
A serious bacterial infection of the meninges meningitis
A degenerative inflammatory disease of the CNS attacking the myelin sheath in the spinal cord and brain leaving it sclerosed or scarred and interrupting nerve impulses multiple sclerosis (MS)
A chronic progressive neuromusclar disorder causing severe skeletal muscle weakness and fatigue myasthenia gravis
A rare syndrome of uncontrolled sudden attacks of sleep narcolepsy
A highlight malignant tumor of the sympathetic nervous system neuroblastoma
A degenerative, slowly progressive deterioration of nerves in the brain stem's motor system characterized by gradual onset usually presenting with a stooped posture Parkinson's disease
A broken segment of the skull bone thrust into the brain as a result of direct force depressed skull fracture
A congenital defect of the CNS which the back portion of one or more vertebrae is not closed normally and a cyst protrudes spina bifida cystica
A cystlike sac covered with skin or a thin membrane protruding through the bony defect meningocele
A congential disorder caused by altered lipid metabolism resulting from an enzyme deficiency Tay-Sachs disease
Short periods of severe unilateral pain which radiates along the 5th cranial nerve trigeminal neuralgia
How many pairs of cranial nerves are there? 12
How many pairs of spinal nerves are there? 31
What are the two main divisions of the nervous system? Central nervous system & the peripheral nervous system
Which contains the brain and spinal cord? central nervous system
Which contains all nerves that connect the CNS to every organ and body area? peripheral nervous system
What are the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system sympathetic and parasympathetic
Which system speeds things up? (except the digestive tract) sympathetic
Which system slows things down and regulates? parasympathetic
What is the largest part of the brain? cerebrum
What relays impulses to and from the brain? thalamus
What is connected to the pituitary gland, midbrain, and thalamus? hypothalamus
What are the 3 layers of the meninges pia mater, arachnoid and dura mater
What is the innermost layer of the meninges pia mater
What is the middle layer of the meninges arachnoid
What is the outer layer of the meninges dura mater
Any change in the environment stimulus
This received stimuli receptor
The reaction to stimuli response
Created by: Megpalace