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Most Common

Most common Answer
Tumor arising from bone in adults Osteosarcoma
Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Adults Pheochromocytoma: 5 P’s:  Pressure; Pain (Headache); Perspiration; Palpitations; Pallor/Diaphoresis
Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Children Neuroblastoma
Agent of severe viral encephalitis Herpes simplex
Aggressive lung tumor Small cell or oat cell
Associated with gallstones Adenocarinoma
Bacterial Meningitis – adults Strep pneumoniae & in young adults = Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial Meningitis – elderly Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial Meningitis – newborns E. coli / Group BStrep.
Bacterial Meningitis – toddlers Hib
Benign epithelial tumor of oral mucosa Papilloma
Benign fallopian tube tumor Adenomatoid
Benign ovarian tumor Mature(Native) Teratoma = benign dermatoid
Benign tumor of soft tissue Lipoma
Benign tumor of the breast <25yoa Fibroadenoma
Benign tumor of the liver Hemangioma
Benign tumor of the vulva Hidroadenoma
Benign uterine tumor Leiomyoma: estrogen sinsitive: changes size during pregnancy & menopause
Bone Tumors Metasteses from Breast & Prostate
Brain Tumor – Child Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)
Brain Tumor –Adult Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma
Breast Carcinoma Invasive Duct Carcinoma
Breast Mass Fibrocystic Change: premenopausic women (Carcinoma is the most common in post-menopausal women)
Bug in Acute Endocarditis Staph aureus
Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt Klebsiella
Bug in Epiglottitis Hib
Bug in GI Tract Bacteroides (2nd – E. coli)
Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia Staph aureus
Bug in PID N. Gonnorrhoeae
Bug in Subacute Endocarditis Strep Viridans
CA of urinary collecting system Transitional cell CA (assoc. w/ benzidine; naphthylamine; analine dyes; long term txt w/ cyclophosphamide)
Cardiac 1ry Tumor – Adults Myxoma: “Ball Valve”
Cardiac 1ry Tumor – Child Rhabdomyoma – associated w/ Tuberous sclerosis
Cardiac Tumor – Adults Metasteses
Cardiomyopathy Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy: Alcohol, BeriBeri, Cocaine use, Coxsackie B, Doxorubicin; Systolic Dysfunction
Cause of 2ry HTN Renal Disease
Cause of Addison’s Autoimmune (2nd – infection)
Cause of breast lumps CA of the breast
Cause of chronic endometriosis TB
Cause of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency: NaCl lost & Hypotension (then, 11- NaCl retention & HTN)
Cause of Cushings Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, 1ry ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)
Cause of Death in Alzheimer pts Pneumonia
Cause of Death in Diabetics MI
Cause of Death in premature NRDS = hyaline membrane disease
Cause of Death in SLE pts. Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative) = Renal Disease
Cause of Dementia Alzheimer’s
Cause of Dementia (2nd most common) Multi-Infarct Dementia
Cause of Dwarfism Achondroplasia
Cause of Food poisoning Staph aureus
Cause of Hematosalpynga Ectopic pregnancy
Cause of Hypoparathyroidism Throidectomy
Cause of Hypothyroidism Corrective surgery I31 treatment
Cause of Kidney infections E. coli
Cause of Liver disease in US Alcohol consumption
Cause of Malignancy in children Acute leukemia
Cause of Mental retardation Down’s
Cause of Mental retardation (2nd most common) Fragile X
Cause of NaCl loss and Hypotension 21 hydroxylase deficiency
Cause of PID N. ghonorrhea
Cause of Portal cirrhosis Alcohol
Cause of Preventable Blindness Chlamydia (serotypes A,B,Ba,C)
Cause of Pulmonary HTN COPD
Cause of Secondary Hypertension Renal disease
Cause of SIADH Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Cause of UT Obstruction in men BPHyperplasia
Cause Pernicious Anemia Chronic atrophic gastritis = no production of intrinsic factor
Chromosomal Disorder Down’s
Common Tumor of the Appendix Carcinoid tumor: flushing; diarrhea; bronchospasm; RHeart valvular lesions; Txt: Methysergide (5HT antagonist)
Congenital Cardiac Anomaly VSD (membranous > muscular)
Congenital Early Cyanosis Tetralogy of Fallot =right to left shunt
Coronary Artery Thrombosis LAD artery: MI
Demyelinating Disease Multiple Sclerosis: (Charcot Triad = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech); Periventricular plaques w/ (+) Oligodenrocytes; (+) IgG in CSF, Optic Neuritis, MLF Syndorme = Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia, bladder incontinence
Dental Tumor Odontoma
Dietary Deficiency Iron
Disease of the Breast Fibrocystic disease
Disseminated Opportunistic Infection in AIDS CMV (Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall)
Esophageal Cancer SCCA
Fallopian Tube Malignancy AdenoCA
Fatal Genetic Defect in Caucasians Cystic Fibrosis (chromosome 7q)
Female Tumor Leimyoma
Form of Amyloidosis Immunologic (Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)
Form of Tularemia Ulceroglandular
Germ Cell Tumor of Testes Seminoma (analogous to dysgerminoma of ovaries)
Gynecological Malignancy Endometrial Carcinoma
Gynecological Finding Endometrial CA
Heart Murmur Mitral Valve Prolapse
Heart Valve in Bacterial Endocarditis Mitral
Heart Valve in Bacterial Endocarditis in IV drug users Tricuspid
Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever Mitral then Aortic
Hereditary Bleeding Disorder Von Willebrand’s Disease
Hormone secreted in Pituitary Adenoma Prolactin
Inherited disease of the Kidney Adult polycystic kidney disease: associated w/ polycystic liver, Berry aneurysms, Mitral prolapse; APD1 – chromosome 16
Intracranial tumor in adults Glioblastoma mulitforme
Islet Tumor Insulinoma =  cell tumor
Liver 1ry Tumor Hepatoma
Liver Disease Alcoholic Liver Disease
Location of Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas Head (99%)
Location of Adult Brain Tumors Above Tentorium
Location of Childhood Brain Tumors Below Tentorium
Lung Tumor, malignant or benign Malignant
Lung Tumor, primary or secondary Secondary
Lysosomal Storage Disease Gaucher’s
Malignancy in Women Lung (2nd breast)
Malignancy of the Larynx Glottic CA (squamous cell)
Malignancy of the Small Intestine Adenocarcinoma
Malignancy Vulva Squamous cell CA
Malignant Eye Tumor in Kids Retinoblastoma
Malignant Tumor of the Liver Hepatocellular CA
Motor Neuron Disease ALS
Muscular Dystrophy Duchenne’s: Dystrophin deletion. Presents <5yoa weakness at pelvic girdles w/ upward progression
Nasal Tumor Squamous cell CA
Neoplasm – Child Leukemia
Neoplasm – Child (2nd most common) Medulloblastoma of brain (cerebellum)
Neoplasm of the West Adeno CA of the rectum and/or colon
Neoplastic Polyp Tubular adenoma
Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic Syndrome in Children Minimal Change (Lipoid Nephrosis) Disease (responds well to steroid txt)
Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Follicular small clear cell
Number of Deaths per year in Women Lung CA
Skin tumor Basal cell CA
Opportunistic infection in AIDS PCP
Ovarian Malignancy Serous Cystadenocarcinoma
Ovarian Tumor Hamartoma
Pancreatic Tumor Adeno (usually in the head)
Patient with ALL / CLL / AML / CML ALL – Child / CLL – Adult over 60 / AML - Adult over 60 / CML – Adult 35-50
Patient with Goodpasture’s Young male
Patient with Reiter’s Male
Pituitary Tumor Prolactinoma (2nd – Somatotropic “Acidophilic” Adenoma)
Place for Primary Squamous Cell CA of esophagus Mid 1/3
Place for Peptic Ulcer Disease Lesser curvuture in antrum – associated w/ blood group O
Primary Benign Salivary Tumor Pleomorphic Adenoma (Mixed) – 90% localized to the parotid
Primary Hyperparathyroidism Adenomas (followed by: hyperplasia, then carcinoma)
Primary Malignancy of Bone Osteosarcoma
Primary Malignancy of Small Intestine Lymphoma
Pt. with Hodgkin’s Young Male (except Nodular Sclerosis type – Female)
Pt. with Minimal Change Disease Young Child
Renal Malignancy Renal cell CA
Renal Malignancy of Early Childhood Wilm’s tumor (neohroblastoma) – chromosome 11p
Salivary Tumor Pleomorphic adenoma
Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure
Sexually Transmitted Disease Chlamydia (sero types D-K)
Site of Diverticula Sigmoid Colon
Site of Embolic Occlusion Middle cerebral aa: contralateral paralysis; aphasias; motor & sensory loss
Site of Metastasis Regional Lymph Nodes
Site of Metastasis (2nd most common) Liver
Sites of Atherosclerosis Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid
Skin CA of Fair Skinned People Malignant melanoma
Skin Cancer Basal Cell Carcinoma
Small Intestine Congenital Anomaly Meckel’s diverticulum
Stomach Cancer Adeno – associated w/ blood group A
Testicular Tumor Seminoma = malignant painless testes growth
Thyroid Anomaly Thryoglossal duct cyst
Thyroid CA Papillary CA
Tracheoesophageal Fistula Lower esophagus joins trachea / upper esophagus – blind pouch – polyhydramnios association
Tumor in men <20 Germ cell tumor
Tumor of Infancy Benign vascular tumor = port wine stain = Hemangioma
Tumor of the Stomach > 50 years old CA of stomach (adenoCA)
Type of Hodgkin’s Mixed Cellularity (versus: lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion, nodular sclerosis)
Type of Non-Hodgkin’s Follicular, small cleaved
Type of Portal Cirrhosis Micronodular
Type of Soft Tissue Tumor of Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma
Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries) Temporal Arteritis (branch of Carotid Artery)
Viral Encephalitis HSV
Worm Infection in US Pinworm (2nd – Ascaris)
Worst Prognosis in Thyroid Cas Follicular CA
Cause of Lobar Pneumonia Strep. Pneumoniae
Cause of Death b/t 24-44 yoa AIDS
Cause of Pneumonia in Cystic Fibrosis Pseudomonas
Cause of Osteomyelitis in IV Drug Users Pseudomonas
Cause of Infection in Burn Pts Pseudomonas
Mental Problem in Males Specific phobia
Intelligence Test Stanford Binet (ages 6 & under); WIPSI (ages 4-6); WISK-R (for ages 6-17); WAIS-R (for > 17 year old)
Paraphilia Pedophilia
Metabolite seen w/ Pheochromocytoma VMA: vanillylmandelic acid (NE metabolite)
Severe Shigella Dysenteriae
Bug in Otitis Media & Sinusitis in Kids Strep. Pneumoniae
Cause of a Solitary Brain Abscess A. Israelli
Cause of Bacterial Diarrhea in U.S. Campylobacter jejuni
Shigella Type S. Sonnei
Cause of Non-Ghonococcal Urethritis Chlamydia trichomonas
Pneumonia Strep. Pneumoniae
Urethritis N. ghonorrhea
Cause of Glomerulonephritis IgA Nephropathy = Berger’s Disease
Cause of Viral Pneumonia RSV – infants; Parainfluenza – kids; Influenza virus – adults; Adeno virus – military recruits
Complication of COPD Pulmonary infections
Cause of Death w/ SLE Renal failure
Atrial Septal Defect Ostium Secundum Type
Warm Antibody Most common form of immune hemolytic anemia; IgG auto antibodies to RBC; See spherocytosis; (+) Coombs’ test; complication to CLL
Immunodeficiency IgA Deficiency
Congenital GIT Anomaly Meckel’s Diverticulum: persistence of vitelline duct/yolk sac stalk
Cause of Congenital Malformation Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Created by: Bijan39